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Implicit working memory

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date09/2009
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Journal number3
Volume18
Number of pages14
Pages665-678
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Working Memory (WM) plays a crucial role in many high-level cognitive processes (e.g., reasoning, decision making, goal pursuit and cognitive control). The prevalent view holds that active components of WM are predominantly intentional and conscious. This conception is oftentimes expressed explicitly, but it is best reflected in the nature of major WM tasks: All of them are blatantly explicit. We developed two new WM paradigms that allow for an examination of the role of conscious awareness in WM. Results from five studies show that WM can operate unintentionally and outside of conscious awareness, thus suggesting that the current view should be expanded to include implicit WM.