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Inflation and Output Dynamics with a Floating Exchange Rate

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/1979
<mark>Journal</mark>European Economic Review
Issue number1
Volume12
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)73-89
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to extend a simple monetarist model of price output fluctuations in a closed economy to the case of a small open economy with a floating exchange rate. Trade and capital flows are explicitly incorporated into the model, exchange rate expectations and inflation expectations are treated separately and exchange rate expectations are integrated into the demand for money function. The properties of the model are investigated under the limiting cases of perfect capital mobility and zero capital mobility. Stability conditions and short run price-output trade-offs are derived and the conclusions for cyclical output patterns are deduced. It is also shown how the short run movement of the exchange rate deviates from purchasing power parity in a systematic fashion.