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Informed consent

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

Published

Publication date2013
Host publicationInternational encyclopedia of ethics
EditorsHugh LaFollette
Place of publicationChichester
PublisherWiley
ISBN (Electronic)9781444367072
ISBN (Print)9781405186414
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Informed consent is a central concept of contemporary medical ethics. Clinicians and medical researchers are under an obligation to inform patients and research subjects about the nature, purposes, risks, and side effects of proposed courses of action (and, if relevant, a specification of the risks of not acting in the suggested way). A vast body of literature has been produced, over the past 30 years or so, about the nature, justification, scope, and limits of informed consent. Here we will focus on what informed consent is, how it came to have a central place in medical ethics, and then briefly introduce some of the main problems and issues with informed consent.