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Integrating space-syntax and discrete-event simulation for e-mobility analysis

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Abstract

Modeling and simulation of dynamic systems has been commonly used in the context of transportation, urban planning, and land use as being the basic tool for planners and policy makers. Vehicular movement modeling is one of the most popular models that deal with relevant aspects of urban regions and communities. This paper focuses on a particular mobility system; electric vehicles (EVs) clusters. It presents a study was conducted to simulate EVs population of the inner urban core of Newcastle-Gateshead via a developed 2D simulation model. The novelty of this study is the new approach proposed to simulate EV population in particular vicinity. This is by utilizing hybrid simulation technique (agent based modeling and discrete events) while applying space syntax theory and principles to predict the travel demand pattern of the urban system. The combination of these layers of modeling within the context of electrical mobility has proven successful in portraying the population and showed promising results. It aims at providing guidelines and recommendations to locate preliminary charging points and determine their numbers and capacities, which should be of interest for researchers, planning authorities and policy makers. This paper is a part of an EU project that focuses on simulating a part of the North Sea Region e-mobility system. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.