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Integument and Sensillum Auriforme of the Opisthosoma of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (Acari: Ixodidae)

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/01/1996
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Medical Entomology
Issue number5
Volume33
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)734-742
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

The opisthosomal integument and sensilla auriformia of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann larvae, nymphs, females and males, both unfed, fed, and during molt, were examined by light and electron microscopy in relation to semiochemical production. The integument consists of epidermis, endocuticle, exocuticle, epicuticle, a superficial wax layer and a variable additional deposit. The integument of immature instars and females grows greatly during feeding. The integument is traversed by pore canals from the epidermis to the outer wax canals. The epidermis can secrete material to the exterior by way of the pore canals and wax canals. The sensillum auriforme is a common disk-shaped organ, with a complex internal chamber open to the exterior by way of a pore. It has no apparent secretory capacity and is of presumed sensory function. It is located in the integument of scutum and alloscutum of all instars.