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Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium

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Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium. / Kucerova, Romana; Dorà, Natalie; Mort, Richard L.; Wallace, Karen; Leiper, Lucy J.; Lowes, Christina; Neves, Carlos; Walczysko, Petr; Bruce, Freyja; Fowler, Paul A.; Rajnicek, Ann M.; McCaig, Colin D.; Zhao, Min; West, John D.; Collinson, J. Martin.

In: Molecular Vision, Vol. 18, 18.01.2012, p. 139-150.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Kucerova, R, Dorà, N, Mort, RL, Wallace, K, Leiper, LJ, Lowes, C, Neves, C, Walczysko, P, Bruce, F, Fowler, PA, Rajnicek, AM, McCaig, CD, Zhao, M, West, JD & Collinson, JM 2012, 'Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium', Molecular Vision, vol. 18, pp. 139-150.

APA

Kucerova, R., Dorà, N., Mort, R. L., Wallace, K., Leiper, L. J., Lowes, C., Neves, C., Walczysko, P., Bruce, F., Fowler, P. A., Rajnicek, A. M., McCaig, C. D., Zhao, M., West, J. D., & Collinson, J. M. (2012). Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium. Molecular Vision, 18, 139-150.

Vancouver

Kucerova R, Dorà N, Mort RL, Wallace K, Leiper LJ, Lowes C et al. Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium. Molecular Vision. 2012 Jan 18;18:139-150.

Author

Kucerova, Romana ; Dorà, Natalie ; Mort, Richard L. ; Wallace, Karen ; Leiper, Lucy J. ; Lowes, Christina ; Neves, Carlos ; Walczysko, Petr ; Bruce, Freyja ; Fowler, Paul A. ; Rajnicek, Ann M. ; McCaig, Colin D. ; Zhao, Min ; West, John D. ; Collinson, J. Martin. / Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium. In: Molecular Vision. 2012 ; Vol. 18. pp. 139-150.

Bibtex

@article{51b74d86c4fe485ab3b0c28d01f16427,
title = "Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate the roles of intracellular signaling elicited by Hedgehog (Hh) ligands in corneal maintenance and wound healing.METHODS: The expression of Hedgehog pathway components in the cornea was assayed by immunohistochemistry, western blot and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in wild-type mice and mice that were heterozygous null for the gene encoding the transcription factor, paired box gene 6 (Pax6). Corneal epithelial wound healing and cell migration assays were performed after pharmacological upregulation and downregulation of the hedgehog pathway. Reporter mice, mosaic for expression of the gene encoding β-galactosidase (LacZ), were crossed to Pax6(+/-) mice, mice heterozygous for the gene encoding GLI-Kruppel family member GLI3, and Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes, to assay patterns of cell migration and corneal epithelial organization in vivo.RESULTS: Corneal epithelial wound healing rates increased in response to application of Sonic hedgehog (Shh), but only in mice with wild-type Pax6 dosage. Downregulation of Hedgehog signalling inhibited corneal epithelial cell proliferation. Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia showed increased proliferation in response to exogenous Shh, but not increased migration. Desert hedgehog (Dhh) was shown to be the major endogenous ligand, with Shh detectable only by RT-PCR and only after epithelial wounding. The activity of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-γ (PI3Kγ) was not required for the increased migration response in response to Shh. Nuclear expression of the activator form of the transcription factor Gli3 (which mediates Hh signalling) was reduced in Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia. Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes showed highly disrupted patterns of clonal arrangement of cells in the corneal epithelium.CONCLUSIONS: The data show key roles for endogenous Dhh signalling in maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium, demonstrate an interaction between Pax6 and Hh signalling in the corneal epithelium, and show that failure of Hh signalling pathways is a feature of Pax6(+/-) corneal disease that cannot be remedied pharmacologically by addition of the ligands.",
keywords = "Animals, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Clone Cells, Epithelial Cells, Epithelium, Corneal, Eye Proteins, Gene Dosage, Gene Expression Regulation, Hedgehog Proteins, Heterozygote, Homeodomain Proteins, Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors, Mice, Nerve Tissue Proteins, PAX6 Transcription Factor, Paired Box Transcription Factors, Peptides, Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases, Regeneration, Repressor Proteins, Signal Transduction, Veratrum Alkaloids, Wound Healing, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Romana Kucerova and Natalie Dor{\`a} and Mort, {Richard L.} and Karen Wallace and Leiper, {Lucy J.} and Christina Lowes and Carlos Neves and Petr Walczysko and Freyja Bruce and Fowler, {Paul A.} and Rajnicek, {Ann M.} and McCaig, {Colin D.} and Min Zhao and West, {John D.} and Collinson, {J. Martin}",
year = "2012",
month = jan
day = "18",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "139--150",
journal = "Molecular Vision",
issn = "1090-0535",
publisher = "Molecular Vision",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interaction between hedgehog signalling and PAX6 dosage mediates maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium

AU - Kucerova, Romana

AU - Dorà, Natalie

AU - Mort, Richard L.

AU - Wallace, Karen

AU - Leiper, Lucy J.

AU - Lowes, Christina

AU - Neves, Carlos

AU - Walczysko, Petr

AU - Bruce, Freyja

AU - Fowler, Paul A.

AU - Rajnicek, Ann M.

AU - McCaig, Colin D.

AU - Zhao, Min

AU - West, John D.

AU - Collinson, J. Martin

PY - 2012/1/18

Y1 - 2012/1/18

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the roles of intracellular signaling elicited by Hedgehog (Hh) ligands in corneal maintenance and wound healing.METHODS: The expression of Hedgehog pathway components in the cornea was assayed by immunohistochemistry, western blot and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in wild-type mice and mice that were heterozygous null for the gene encoding the transcription factor, paired box gene 6 (Pax6). Corneal epithelial wound healing and cell migration assays were performed after pharmacological upregulation and downregulation of the hedgehog pathway. Reporter mice, mosaic for expression of the gene encoding β-galactosidase (LacZ), were crossed to Pax6(+/-) mice, mice heterozygous for the gene encoding GLI-Kruppel family member GLI3, and Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes, to assay patterns of cell migration and corneal epithelial organization in vivo.RESULTS: Corneal epithelial wound healing rates increased in response to application of Sonic hedgehog (Shh), but only in mice with wild-type Pax6 dosage. Downregulation of Hedgehog signalling inhibited corneal epithelial cell proliferation. Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia showed increased proliferation in response to exogenous Shh, but not increased migration. Desert hedgehog (Dhh) was shown to be the major endogenous ligand, with Shh detectable only by RT-PCR and only after epithelial wounding. The activity of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-γ (PI3Kγ) was not required for the increased migration response in response to Shh. Nuclear expression of the activator form of the transcription factor Gli3 (which mediates Hh signalling) was reduced in Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia. Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes showed highly disrupted patterns of clonal arrangement of cells in the corneal epithelium.CONCLUSIONS: The data show key roles for endogenous Dhh signalling in maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium, demonstrate an interaction between Pax6 and Hh signalling in the corneal epithelium, and show that failure of Hh signalling pathways is a feature of Pax6(+/-) corneal disease that cannot be remedied pharmacologically by addition of the ligands.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the roles of intracellular signaling elicited by Hedgehog (Hh) ligands in corneal maintenance and wound healing.METHODS: The expression of Hedgehog pathway components in the cornea was assayed by immunohistochemistry, western blot and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), in wild-type mice and mice that were heterozygous null for the gene encoding the transcription factor, paired box gene 6 (Pax6). Corneal epithelial wound healing and cell migration assays were performed after pharmacological upregulation and downregulation of the hedgehog pathway. Reporter mice, mosaic for expression of the gene encoding β-galactosidase (LacZ), were crossed to Pax6(+/-) mice, mice heterozygous for the gene encoding GLI-Kruppel family member GLI3, and Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes, to assay patterns of cell migration and corneal epithelial organization in vivo.RESULTS: Corneal epithelial wound healing rates increased in response to application of Sonic hedgehog (Shh), but only in mice with wild-type Pax6 dosage. Downregulation of Hedgehog signalling inhibited corneal epithelial cell proliferation. Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia showed increased proliferation in response to exogenous Shh, but not increased migration. Desert hedgehog (Dhh) was shown to be the major endogenous ligand, with Shh detectable only by RT-PCR and only after epithelial wounding. The activity of phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase-γ (PI3Kγ) was not required for the increased migration response in response to Shh. Nuclear expression of the activator form of the transcription factor Gli3 (which mediates Hh signalling) was reduced in Pax6(+/-) corneal epithelia. Pax6(+/-)Gli3(+/-) double heterozygotes showed highly disrupted patterns of clonal arrangement of cells in the corneal epithelium.CONCLUSIONS: The data show key roles for endogenous Dhh signalling in maintenance and regeneration of the corneal epithelium, demonstrate an interaction between Pax6 and Hh signalling in the corneal epithelium, and show that failure of Hh signalling pathways is a feature of Pax6(+/-) corneal disease that cannot be remedied pharmacologically by addition of the ligands.

KW - Animals

KW - Cell Movement

KW - Cell Proliferation

KW - Clone Cells

KW - Epithelial Cells

KW - Epithelium, Corneal

KW - Eye Proteins

KW - Gene Dosage

KW - Gene Expression Regulation

KW - Hedgehog Proteins

KW - Heterozygote

KW - Homeodomain Proteins

KW - Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors

KW - Mice

KW - Nerve Tissue Proteins

KW - PAX6 Transcription Factor

KW - Paired Box Transcription Factors

KW - Peptides

KW - Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases

KW - Regeneration

KW - Repressor Proteins

KW - Signal Transduction

KW - Veratrum Alkaloids

KW - Wound Healing

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22275805

VL - 18

SP - 139

EP - 150

JO - Molecular Vision

JF - Molecular Vision

SN - 1090-0535

ER -