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Interfacial shear stress in FRP-plated RC beams under symmetric loads

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date05/2007
JournalCement & concrete composites
Journal number5
Volume29
Number of pages12
Pages421-432
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

A recently popular method for retrofitting reinforced concrete (RC) beams is to bond fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) plates to their soffits. An important failure mode of such plated beams is debonding of the FRP plates from the concrete due to high level interfacial stresses near the plate ends. A closed-form rigorous solution for the interfacial stresses in simply supported beams bonded with thin plates and subjected to arbitrary loads has been found, in which a non-uniform stress distribution in the adhesive layer was taken into account. This paper uses the rigorous solution to investigate the impact of symmetric loading configurations on the interfacial shear stress distributions, and concludes that the bending moments on the cross sections at the plate ends play a significant role in terms of stress concentration, while the shear forces on the same cross-section contribute little to the concentration. On the basis of this observation, this paper proposes a simplified approximate solution to the shear stress along the interface between concrete and adhesive layer. Compared with the rigorous and other approximate solutions, the simplified solution exhibits sufficient accuracy in terms of stress distribution and stress concentration localized near the plate ends. Due to its compact feature, the simplified solution is more suitable for engineering applications using a portable calculator and to be adopted in the codes of practices.