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Intergroup behaviour in organizations: A field test of social identity theory

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Intergroup behaviour in organizations : A field test of social identity theory. / Hennessy, Josephine ; West, Michael.

In: Small Group Research, Vol. 30, No. 3, 06.1999, p. 261-382.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Hennessy J, West M. Intergroup behaviour in organizations: A field test of social identity theory. Small Group Research. 1999 Jun;30(3):261-382. Available from: 10.1177/104649649903000305

Author

Hennessy, Josephine ; West, Michael / Intergroup behaviour in organizations : A field test of social identity theory.

In: Small Group Research, Vol. 30, No. 3, 06.1999, p. 261-382.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Bibtex

@article{4e449f46bf344a02a0a39899823b8407,
title = "Intergroup behaviour in organizations: A field test of social identity theory",
author = "Josephine Hennessy and Michael West",
year = "1999",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1177/104649649903000305",
volume = "30",
pages = "261--382",
journal = "Small Group Research",
issn = "1046-4964",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Intergroup behaviour in organizations

T2 - Small Group Research

AU - Hennessy,Josephine

AU - West,Michael

PY - 1999/6

Y1 - 1999/6

N2 - This study tests social identity theory and realistic conflict theory by examining intra- and intergroup relations in a team-based community-health care organization. The relationships between people’s patterns of identification (with their work group and with the organization) and their perceptions of intergroup competition for scarce resources are related to in-group favoritism. Questionnaire data gathered from 112 participants, who were members of 17 work groups within the organization, reveal that strong identification with the work group rather than the organization is related to high levels of in-group favoritism, thus supporting the relevance of social identity theory in an organizational setting. In-group identification did not predict between-group discrimination in resource distribution, although such discrimination was demonstrated. We suggest that in applied settings the factors influencing social behavior are more complex than in laboratory studies but that social identity theory has clear practical importance for understanding and influencing the effectiveness of team-based organizations.

AB - This study tests social identity theory and realistic conflict theory by examining intra- and intergroup relations in a team-based community-health care organization. The relationships between people’s patterns of identification (with their work group and with the organization) and their perceptions of intergroup competition for scarce resources are related to in-group favoritism. Questionnaire data gathered from 112 participants, who were members of 17 work groups within the organization, reveal that strong identification with the work group rather than the organization is related to high levels of in-group favoritism, thus supporting the relevance of social identity theory in an organizational setting. In-group identification did not predict between-group discrimination in resource distribution, although such discrimination was demonstrated. We suggest that in applied settings the factors influencing social behavior are more complex than in laboratory studies but that social identity theory has clear practical importance for understanding and influencing the effectiveness of team-based organizations.

U2 - 10.1177/104649649903000305

DO - 10.1177/104649649903000305

M3 - Journal article

VL - 30

SP - 261

EP - 382

JO - Small Group Research

JF - Small Group Research

SN - 1046-4964

IS - 3

ER -