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    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Autism, 23 (1), 2019, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Autism page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/AUT on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

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Investigating the relationship between language and picture understanding in children with autism spectrum disorder

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Investigating the relationship between language and picture understanding in children with autism spectrum disorder. / Hartley, Calum Keith; Trainer, Alice; Allen, Melissa Lynn.

In: Autism, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 187-198.

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@article{3621601ede0f428aaa65d3afb0d1a046,
title = "Investigating the relationship between language and picture understanding in children with autism spectrum disorder",
abstract = "Previous studies report that minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder show impaired picture comprehension when matched to typically developing controls on language comprehension. Here, we compare both picture comprehension and picture production abilities in linguistically delayed children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing controls matched on language comprehension and language production. Participants were 20 children with autism spectrum disorder (M age: 11.2 years) and 20 typically developing children (M age: 4.4 years) matched on age equivalents for receptive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.6 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years) and expressive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.4 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years). Picture comprehension was assessed by asking children to identify the three-dimensional referents of line drawings. Picture production was assessed by asking children to create representational drawings of unfamiliar objects and having raters identify their referents. The results of both picture tasks revealed statistically equivalent performance for typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder, and identical patterns of performance across trial types. These findings suggest that early deficits in pictorial understanding displayed by minimally verbal individuals may diminish as their expressive language skills develop. Theoretically, our study indicates that development in linguistic and pictorial domains may be inter-related for children with autism spectrum disorder (as is the case for typical development).",
keywords = "autism spectrum disorder, comprehension, language, pictures, production, symbolic understanding",
author = "Hartley, {Calum Keith} and Alice Trainer and Allen, {Melissa Lynn}",
note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Autism, 23 (1), 2019, {\textcopyright} SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Autism page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/AUT on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/ ",
year = "2019",
month = jan
doi = "10.1177/1362361317729613",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "187--198",
journal = "Autism",
issn = "1362-3613",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating the relationship between language and picture understanding in children with autism spectrum disorder

AU - Hartley, Calum Keith

AU - Trainer, Alice

AU - Allen, Melissa Lynn

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Autism, 23 (1), 2019, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Autism page: http://journals.sagepub.com/home/AUT on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Previous studies report that minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder show impaired picture comprehension when matched to typically developing controls on language comprehension. Here, we compare both picture comprehension and picture production abilities in linguistically delayed children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing controls matched on language comprehension and language production. Participants were 20 children with autism spectrum disorder (M age: 11.2 years) and 20 typically developing children (M age: 4.4 years) matched on age equivalents for receptive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.6 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years) and expressive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.4 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years). Picture comprehension was assessed by asking children to identify the three-dimensional referents of line drawings. Picture production was assessed by asking children to create representational drawings of unfamiliar objects and having raters identify their referents. The results of both picture tasks revealed statistically equivalent performance for typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder, and identical patterns of performance across trial types. These findings suggest that early deficits in pictorial understanding displayed by minimally verbal individuals may diminish as their expressive language skills develop. Theoretically, our study indicates that development in linguistic and pictorial domains may be inter-related for children with autism spectrum disorder (as is the case for typical development).

AB - Previous studies report that minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder show impaired picture comprehension when matched to typically developing controls on language comprehension. Here, we compare both picture comprehension and picture production abilities in linguistically delayed children with autism spectrum disorder and typically developing controls matched on language comprehension and language production. Participants were 20 children with autism spectrum disorder (M age: 11.2 years) and 20 typically developing children (M age: 4.4 years) matched on age equivalents for receptive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.6 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years) and expressive language (autism spectrum disorder, M: 4.4 years; typically developing, M: 4.5 years). Picture comprehension was assessed by asking children to identify the three-dimensional referents of line drawings. Picture production was assessed by asking children to create representational drawings of unfamiliar objects and having raters identify their referents. The results of both picture tasks revealed statistically equivalent performance for typically developing children and children with autism spectrum disorder, and identical patterns of performance across trial types. These findings suggest that early deficits in pictorial understanding displayed by minimally verbal individuals may diminish as their expressive language skills develop. Theoretically, our study indicates that development in linguistic and pictorial domains may be inter-related for children with autism spectrum disorder (as is the case for typical development).

KW - autism spectrum disorder

KW - comprehension

KW - language

KW - pictures

KW - production

KW - symbolic understanding

U2 - 10.1177/1362361317729613

DO - 10.1177/1362361317729613

M3 - Journal article

VL - 23

SP - 187

EP - 198

JO - Autism

JF - Autism

SN - 1362-3613

IS - 1

ER -