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La profezia di Fanon e le colonie bianche

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Scritture Migranti
Volume9-10
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>Italian

Abstract

On July 20th, 2015, Frantz Fanon would have turned 90 years old. The Martinique- born Afro-Caribbean psychiatrist, who had been for many years a spokesperson for the Algerian National Liberation Front, published in 1961 his most poignant work, Wretched of the Earth. In 1961, on the same year of his death, the book was published with a preface by Jean-Paul Sartre. In the first edition of Wretched of the Earth, Sartre asked the French readers to undo their ambiguity towards colonialism, torn as they were between complicity with the old colonial power and their own condition of subjugation. On July 20th, 2015, the final chapter of Wretched of the Earth was again circulating in Italy. On that chapter, Fanon asks the colonised subject to leave Europe. July 20th, 2015 was not merely Fanon’s 90th birth anniversary but also the week following the signature of the third memorandum in Greece. The notion of Europe in those days had a new connotation. Its traditional humanism had dissolved before the violence used by the European institutions to turn Greece into a debt colony. In July 2015, «leaving Europe» meant first and foremost recognising that the European population had become the target of a violence that resembled colonial expropriation and demanded to abandon trust in the civilising mission of the old continent.