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Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer

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Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer. / Mort, Richard L.; Mo, L.; McEwan, C.; Melton, D. W.

In: British Journal of Cancer, Vol. 89, No. 2, 21.07.2003, p. 333-337.

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Mort, RL, Mo, L, McEwan, C & Melton, DW 2003, 'Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer', British Journal of Cancer, vol. 89, no. 2, pp. 333-337. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6601061

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Mort, Richard L. ; Mo, L. ; McEwan, C. ; Melton, D. W. / Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer. In: British Journal of Cancer. 2003 ; Vol. 89, No. 2. pp. 333-337.

Bibtex

@article{1ed2252c45ad49df85dedba3a7397d3c,
title = "Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer",
abstract = "DNA repair has an essential role in protecting the genome from damage by endogenous and environmental agents. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and differences in repair capacity between individuals have been widely documented. For colorectal cancer, the loss of mismatch repair gene activity is a key genetic determinant. Nucleotide excision repair (NER), recombination repair (RR) and base excision repair (BER) pathways have critical roles in protection against other cancers, and we wished to investigate their role in colorectal cancer. We have compared the frequency of polymorphisms in the NER genes, XPD, XPF, XPG, ERCC1; in the BER gene, XRCC1; and in the RR gene, XRCC3; in colorectal cancer patients and in a control group. No significant associations were found for any of the NER gene polymorphisms or for the XRCC1 polymorphism. The C allele (position 18067) of the XRCC3 gene was weakly but significantly associated with colorectal cancer (odds ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.04-2.22, P=0.03). For all patients who were heterozygous for any of the repair genes studied, tumour tissue was investigated for loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Only one example of LOH was found for all the genes examined. From the association and LOH data, we conclude that these genes do not have an important role in protection against colorectal carcinogenesis.",
keywords = "Cell Transformation, Neoplastic, Colorectal Neoplasms, DNA Repair, DNA-Binding Proteins, Genotype, Humans, Loss of Heterozygosity, Odds Ratio, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Polymorphism, Genetic, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Mort, {Richard L.} and L. Mo and C. McEwan and Melton, {D. W.}",
year = "2003",
month = jul
day = "21",
doi = "10.1038/sj.bjc.6601061",
language = "English",
volume = "89",
pages = "333--337",
journal = "British Journal of Cancer",
issn = "0007-0920",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lack of involvement of nucleotide excision repair gene polymorphisms in colorectal cancer

AU - Mort, Richard L.

AU - Mo, L.

AU - McEwan, C.

AU - Melton, D. W.

PY - 2003/7/21

Y1 - 2003/7/21

N2 - DNA repair has an essential role in protecting the genome from damage by endogenous and environmental agents. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and differences in repair capacity between individuals have been widely documented. For colorectal cancer, the loss of mismatch repair gene activity is a key genetic determinant. Nucleotide excision repair (NER), recombination repair (RR) and base excision repair (BER) pathways have critical roles in protection against other cancers, and we wished to investigate their role in colorectal cancer. We have compared the frequency of polymorphisms in the NER genes, XPD, XPF, XPG, ERCC1; in the BER gene, XRCC1; and in the RR gene, XRCC3; in colorectal cancer patients and in a control group. No significant associations were found for any of the NER gene polymorphisms or for the XRCC1 polymorphism. The C allele (position 18067) of the XRCC3 gene was weakly but significantly associated with colorectal cancer (odds ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.04-2.22, P=0.03). For all patients who were heterozygous for any of the repair genes studied, tumour tissue was investigated for loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Only one example of LOH was found for all the genes examined. From the association and LOH data, we conclude that these genes do not have an important role in protection against colorectal carcinogenesis.

AB - DNA repair has an essential role in protecting the genome from damage by endogenous and environmental agents. Polymorphisms in DNA repair genes and differences in repair capacity between individuals have been widely documented. For colorectal cancer, the loss of mismatch repair gene activity is a key genetic determinant. Nucleotide excision repair (NER), recombination repair (RR) and base excision repair (BER) pathways have critical roles in protection against other cancers, and we wished to investigate their role in colorectal cancer. We have compared the frequency of polymorphisms in the NER genes, XPD, XPF, XPG, ERCC1; in the BER gene, XRCC1; and in the RR gene, XRCC3; in colorectal cancer patients and in a control group. No significant associations were found for any of the NER gene polymorphisms or for the XRCC1 polymorphism. The C allele (position 18067) of the XRCC3 gene was weakly but significantly associated with colorectal cancer (odds ratio 1.52, 95% confidence interval 1.04-2.22, P=0.03). For all patients who were heterozygous for any of the repair genes studied, tumour tissue was investigated for loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Only one example of LOH was found for all the genes examined. From the association and LOH data, we conclude that these genes do not have an important role in protection against colorectal carcinogenesis.

KW - Cell Transformation, Neoplastic

KW - Colorectal Neoplasms

KW - DNA Repair

KW - DNA-Binding Proteins

KW - Genotype

KW - Humans

KW - Loss of Heterozygosity

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Polymerase Chain Reaction

KW - Polymorphism, Genetic

KW - Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length

KW - Comparative Study

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1038/sj.bjc.6601061

DO - 10.1038/sj.bjc.6601061

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12865926

VL - 89

SP - 333

EP - 337

JO - British Journal of Cancer

JF - British Journal of Cancer

SN - 0007-0920

IS - 2

ER -