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Leader emotional intelligence and subordinate job satisfaction: a meta-analysis of main, mediator, and moderator effects

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Personality and Individual Differences
Volume102
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)13-24
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date30/06/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Based on a meta-analysis, leaders' emotional intelligence (EI) positively relates to subordinates' job satisfaction (P = 0.308). All three EI streams (ability, self-report, mixed) exhibit significant incremental validity and relative importance (RW) in the presence of personality and cognitive ability in predicting subordinates' job satisfaction (ability EI: ΔR2 = 0.002, RW% = 3.5%; self-report EI: ΔR2 = 0.021, RW% = 25.3%; mixed EI: ΔR2 = 0.085, RW% = 49.9%). Leaders' EI demonstrates significant incremental validity and RW in the presence of subordinates' EI in predicting subordinates' job satisfaction (leaders' EI: ΔR2 = 0.054, RW% = 48.0%). Subordinates' EI positively relates to leaders' EI and mediates the relationship between leaders' EI and subordinates' job satisfaction. Moderator analyses indicate that (1) ability EI has a lower association with subordinates' job satisfaction than self-report EI and mixed EI; and (2) leaders' EI more positively relates to subordinates' job satisfaction in low in-group collectivistic or low humane oriented cultures.