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Looking into the shadow: The eugenics argument in debates on reproductive technologies and practices

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Looking into the shadow : The eugenics argument in debates on reproductive technologies and practices. / Cavaliere, Giulia.

In: Monash Bioethics Review, 07.12.2018, p. 1-22.

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@article{9a62f7206c484d75acf7e764933c78a7,
title = "Looking into the shadow: The eugenics argument in debates on reproductive technologies and practices",
abstract = "Eugenics is often referred to in debates on the ethics of reproductive technologies and practices, in relation to the creation of moral boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable technologies, and acceptable and unacceptable uses of these technologies. Historians have argued that twentieth century eugenics cannot be reduced to a uniform set of practices, and that no simple lessons can be drawn from this complex history. Some authors stress the similarities between past eugenics and present reproductive technologies and practices (what I define throughout the paper as {\textquoteleft}the continuity view{\textquoteright}) in order to condemn the latter. Others focus on the differences between past and present practices (what I define throughout the paper as {\textquoteleft}the discontinuity view{\textquoteright}) in order to defend contemporary reproductive technologies. In this paper, I explore the meanings of the word {\textquoteleft}eugenics{\textquoteright} and the relationship between its past and present uses in terms of contemporary debates on reproductive technologies and practices. I argue that moral disagreement about present technologies originate in divergent views of condemnable and justifiable features of the past.",
keywords = "Eugenics, Reproductive technologies, Coercion, Stigmatisation, Disability",
author = "Giulia Cavaliere",
year = "2018",
month = dec
day = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s40592-018-0086-x",
language = "English",
pages = "1--22",
journal = "Monash Bioethics Review",
issn = "1321-2753",
publisher = "Monash University",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Looking into the shadow

T2 - The eugenics argument in debates on reproductive technologies and practices

AU - Cavaliere, Giulia

PY - 2018/12/7

Y1 - 2018/12/7

N2 - Eugenics is often referred to in debates on the ethics of reproductive technologies and practices, in relation to the creation of moral boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable technologies, and acceptable and unacceptable uses of these technologies. Historians have argued that twentieth century eugenics cannot be reduced to a uniform set of practices, and that no simple lessons can be drawn from this complex history. Some authors stress the similarities between past eugenics and present reproductive technologies and practices (what I define throughout the paper as ‘the continuity view’) in order to condemn the latter. Others focus on the differences between past and present practices (what I define throughout the paper as ‘the discontinuity view’) in order to defend contemporary reproductive technologies. In this paper, I explore the meanings of the word ‘eugenics’ and the relationship between its past and present uses in terms of contemporary debates on reproductive technologies and practices. I argue that moral disagreement about present technologies originate in divergent views of condemnable and justifiable features of the past.

AB - Eugenics is often referred to in debates on the ethics of reproductive technologies and practices, in relation to the creation of moral boundaries between acceptable and unacceptable technologies, and acceptable and unacceptable uses of these technologies. Historians have argued that twentieth century eugenics cannot be reduced to a uniform set of practices, and that no simple lessons can be drawn from this complex history. Some authors stress the similarities between past eugenics and present reproductive technologies and practices (what I define throughout the paper as ‘the continuity view’) in order to condemn the latter. Others focus on the differences between past and present practices (what I define throughout the paper as ‘the discontinuity view’) in order to defend contemporary reproductive technologies. In this paper, I explore the meanings of the word ‘eugenics’ and the relationship between its past and present uses in terms of contemporary debates on reproductive technologies and practices. I argue that moral disagreement about present technologies originate in divergent views of condemnable and justifiable features of the past.

KW - Eugenics

KW - Reproductive technologies

KW - Coercion

KW - Stigmatisation

KW - Disability

UR - http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/30535862

U2 - 10.1007/s40592-018-0086-x

DO - 10.1007/s40592-018-0086-x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30535862

SP - 1

EP - 22

JO - Monash Bioethics Review

JF - Monash Bioethics Review

SN - 1321-2753

ER -