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Magnetic-field-induced parity effect in insulating Josephson junction chains

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>26/08/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>arxiv.org
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

We report the experimental manifestation of even-odd parity effects in the transport characteristics of insulating Josephson junction chains which occur as the superconducting gap is suppressed by applied magnetic fields at millikelvin temperatures. The primary signature is a non-monotonic dependence of the critical voltage, $V_c$, for the onset of charge transport through the chain, with the parity crossover indicated by a maximum of $V_c$ at the parity field $B^*$. We also observe a distinctive change in the transport characteristics across the parity transition, indicative of Cooper-pair dominated transport below $B^*$, giving way to single-electron dominated transport above $B^*$. For fields applied in the plane of the superconducting aluminum films, the parity effect is found to occur at the field, $B^*_{||}$, such that the superconducting gap equals the single-electron charging energy, $\Delta(B^*_{||})=E_C$. On the contrary, the parity effect for perpendicularly applied fields can occur at relatively lower fields, $B^*_\perp\simeq 2\Phi_0/A_I$, depending only on island area, $A_I$. Our results suggest a novel explanation for the insulating peak observed in disordered superconducting films and one-dimensional strips patterned from such films.

Bibliographic note

10 pages including figures and supplemental material