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  • Hird_Masculinities_in_China

    Rights statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies on 19/11/2019, available online: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-East-Asian-Gender-Studies/Liu-Yamashita/p/book/9781138959897

    Accepted author manuscript, 446 KB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 19/05/21

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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Masculinities in China

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

Published

Standard

Masculinities in China. / Hird, Derek.

Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies. ed. / Jieyu Liu; Junko Yamashita. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2019.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter

Harvard

Hird, D 2019, Masculinities in China. in J Liu & J Yamashita (eds), Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon.

APA

Hird, D. (2019). Masculinities in China. In J. Liu, & J. Yamashita (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies Routledge.

Vancouver

Hird D. Masculinities in China. In Liu J, Yamashita J, editors, Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. 2019

Author

Hird, Derek. / Masculinities in China. Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies. editor / Jieyu Liu ; Junko Yamashita. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2019.

Bibtex

@inbook{5fb896fba0424361a8682807f7c3bdf1,
title = "Masculinities in China",
abstract = "Discourses, forms and practices of masculinities have seen significant transformations throughout Chinese history, yet enduring patterns and themes can be picked out. The two most enduring concepts in Chinese masculinities, wen (cultural attainment) and wu (martial attainment), form the departure point of this study, which surveys masculinities in China chronologically through the pre-modern, Republican, high socialist, and reform eras. Despite the epistemic changes throughout the 20th century, the wen-wu dyad has remained a relevant, if diluted perspective from which to interpret masculinities in contemporary China. Echoes of the “fragile scholar” (才子 caizi) can be seen in today{\textquoteright}s androgynous pop stars; the “Confucian gentleman” (君子 junzi) is promoted as China{\textquoteright}s civilizational archetype; the middle class adopt wen aspirations; the affective relations of “good fellow” (好汉haohan) brotherhoods are echoed in carousing during yingchou socialising; and the male protagonists of contemporary TV dramas infuse Confucian morality and brotherly loyalty into a calculating market logic. Furthermore, male honour is still a key component of masculinities, albeit expressed through wealth and concepts such as “face”, “ability”, and “responsibility”, rather than “righteousness” or slavish devotion to political leaders. The tender father and romantic partner may have taken centre stage, but achieving honour through one{\textquoteright}s wife—via her fidelity, submission, education, presentation, or state of leisure—persists, and concubines are making a post-Mao comeback in the shape of “second wives”. A lively gay culture exists without legal or political affirmation. Yet above all, the story of masculinities in China is the story of power and its contestation, as it is anywhere. The reconfiguration of masculinities in China has served elite men{\textquoteright}s struggles to retain their privileges vis-{\`a}-vis women and other men; and Chinese men broadly continue to reap many benefits in what remains for the most part a man{\textquoteright}s world.",
keywords = "men, masculinities, China, Chinese, gender, East Asia",
author = "Derek Hird",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies on 19/11/2019, available online: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-East-Asian-Gender-Studies/Liu-Yamashita/p/book/9781138959897",
year = "2019",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781138959897",
editor = "Jieyu Liu and Junko Yamashita",
booktitle = "Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Masculinities in China

AU - Hird, Derek

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of a book chapter published by Routledge/CRC Press in Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies on 19/11/2019, available online: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-East-Asian-Gender-Studies/Liu-Yamashita/p/book/9781138959897

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Discourses, forms and practices of masculinities have seen significant transformations throughout Chinese history, yet enduring patterns and themes can be picked out. The two most enduring concepts in Chinese masculinities, wen (cultural attainment) and wu (martial attainment), form the departure point of this study, which surveys masculinities in China chronologically through the pre-modern, Republican, high socialist, and reform eras. Despite the epistemic changes throughout the 20th century, the wen-wu dyad has remained a relevant, if diluted perspective from which to interpret masculinities in contemporary China. Echoes of the “fragile scholar” (才子 caizi) can be seen in today’s androgynous pop stars; the “Confucian gentleman” (君子 junzi) is promoted as China’s civilizational archetype; the middle class adopt wen aspirations; the affective relations of “good fellow” (好汉haohan) brotherhoods are echoed in carousing during yingchou socialising; and the male protagonists of contemporary TV dramas infuse Confucian morality and brotherly loyalty into a calculating market logic. Furthermore, male honour is still a key component of masculinities, albeit expressed through wealth and concepts such as “face”, “ability”, and “responsibility”, rather than “righteousness” or slavish devotion to political leaders. The tender father and romantic partner may have taken centre stage, but achieving honour through one’s wife—via her fidelity, submission, education, presentation, or state of leisure—persists, and concubines are making a post-Mao comeback in the shape of “second wives”. A lively gay culture exists without legal or political affirmation. Yet above all, the story of masculinities in China is the story of power and its contestation, as it is anywhere. The reconfiguration of masculinities in China has served elite men’s struggles to retain their privileges vis-à-vis women and other men; and Chinese men broadly continue to reap many benefits in what remains for the most part a man’s world.

AB - Discourses, forms and practices of masculinities have seen significant transformations throughout Chinese history, yet enduring patterns and themes can be picked out. The two most enduring concepts in Chinese masculinities, wen (cultural attainment) and wu (martial attainment), form the departure point of this study, which surveys masculinities in China chronologically through the pre-modern, Republican, high socialist, and reform eras. Despite the epistemic changes throughout the 20th century, the wen-wu dyad has remained a relevant, if diluted perspective from which to interpret masculinities in contemporary China. Echoes of the “fragile scholar” (才子 caizi) can be seen in today’s androgynous pop stars; the “Confucian gentleman” (君子 junzi) is promoted as China’s civilizational archetype; the middle class adopt wen aspirations; the affective relations of “good fellow” (好汉haohan) brotherhoods are echoed in carousing during yingchou socialising; and the male protagonists of contemporary TV dramas infuse Confucian morality and brotherly loyalty into a calculating market logic. Furthermore, male honour is still a key component of masculinities, albeit expressed through wealth and concepts such as “face”, “ability”, and “responsibility”, rather than “righteousness” or slavish devotion to political leaders. The tender father and romantic partner may have taken centre stage, but achieving honour through one’s wife—via her fidelity, submission, education, presentation, or state of leisure—persists, and concubines are making a post-Mao comeback in the shape of “second wives”. A lively gay culture exists without legal or political affirmation. Yet above all, the story of masculinities in China is the story of power and its contestation, as it is anywhere. The reconfiguration of masculinities in China has served elite men’s struggles to retain their privileges vis-à-vis women and other men; and Chinese men broadly continue to reap many benefits in what remains for the most part a man’s world.

KW - men

KW - masculinities

KW - China

KW - Chinese

KW - gender

KW - East Asia

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9781138959897

BT - Routledge Handbook of East Asian Gender Studies

A2 - Liu, Jieyu

A2 - Yamashita, Junko

PB - Routledge

CY - Abingdon, Oxon

ER -