12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Measuring and modeling xylem ABA concentration ...
View graph of relations

« Back

Measuring and modeling xylem ABA concentration ( [X-ABA] ) in tomato plants exposed to deficit irrigation (DI) and partial rootzone drying (PRD).

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date2008
JournalActa Horticulturae
Volume792
Number of pages7
Pages225-231
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Although both DI and PRD are forms of deficit irrigation, in DI water is applied evenly to all parts of the root system while in PRD it is distributed unevenly such that part of the root system is irrigated while the remainder is allowed to dry the soil. Roots in contact with drying soil synthesise chemical signals such as abscisic acid (ABA), which are transported to the shoot to regulate water use. [X-ABA] was investigated in plants grown in split-pots with either DI or PRD. Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum 'Ailsa Craig') plants grown with PRD maintained a higher [X-ABA] in the leaves than DI-grown plants, when compared at the same whole pot soil water content (pot). To investigate the contribution of different parts of the root system to [X-ABA], individual shoots were grafted onto the root system of two plants, so that the graft union had the appearance of an inverted 'Y'. Xylem sap was collected from each root system independently. Root [X-ABA] increased exponentially as soil water content () declined, with data from root systems of both DI- and PRD-grown plants fitting the one relationship. This relationship was used to model [X-ABA] as the xylem exits the root system of DI- or PRD-grown plants held at the same pot. If each root system contributes an equal proportion of total transpirational flux, PRD-grown plants are predicted to have a higher [X-ABA] than DI-grown plants, due to the non-linearity of the [X-ABA] versus relationship. If the dry side contributes proportionally less to total transpirational flux as the soil dries, DI-grown plants are predicted to have a higher [X-ABA] than PRD-grown plants, in opposition to observed data.