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    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Clinical Psychological Science, 7 (4), 2019, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Clinical Psychological Science page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/cpx on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

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Mental Health, Deprivation, and the Neighborhood Social Environment: A Network Analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • E. McElroy
  • J.C. McIntyre
  • R.P. Bentall
  • T. Wilson
  • K. Holt
  • C. Kullu
  • R. Nathan
  • A. Kerr
  • K. Panagaki
  • M. McKeown
  • P. Saini
  • M. Gabbay
  • R. Corcoran
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/07/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Clinical Psychological Science
Issue number4
Volume7
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)719-734
Publication statusPublished
Early online date26/03/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Different aspects of the neighborhood social environment have been linked with mental ill health; however, the mechanisms underlying these associations remain poorly understood because of the number and complexity of the components involved. We used a novel statistical approach, network analysis, to explore the complex associations between neighborhood social cohesion, social disorder, and mental-health symptoms in a sample of 3,670 adults from an economically deprived region of the United Kingdom (mean age = 49.34 years, SD = 18.87; 57% female). Elasso regularized networks were estimated, and network comparisons were conducted by level of deprivation. Mental-health symptoms and neighborhood components formed relatively distinct clusters of items. These domains were linked primarily by paranoia, although only in the most deprived group. Drunken/rowdy behavior was particularly influential within the neighborhood cluster; therefore, policies aimed at reducing such disruptive behavior could have positive knock-on effects for social cohesion and mental health.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Clinical Psychological Science, 7 (4), 2019, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2019 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the Clinical Psychological Science page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/cpx on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/