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Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up
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Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date07/2012
JournalBritish Journal of Criminology
Journal number4
Volume52
Number of pages22
Pages765-786
Early online date30/05/12
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The long-term outcome for middle-class offenders after conviction is an under-researched area in criminology. This present study considers 317 offenders—with a follow-up of at least 35 years—who are seeking white-collar employment after conviction. On the basis of their previous criminal history, five clusters of offenders can be identified using latent class analysis (LCA): low-rate whitecollar, low-rate general, medium-rate acquisitive specialists, medium/high-rate generalists and high-rate generalists. Of the total series, 40 per cent were reconvicted of any standard-list offence, 24 per cent were reconvicted of a white-collar offence and 8 per cent were reconvicted of a sex or violence offence. The study helps to support the notion that middle-class persons are very much part of ‘the crime problem’.