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Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up

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Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up. / Soothill, Keith; Humphreys, Leslie; Francis, Brian.

In: British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 52, No. 4, 07.2012, p. 765-786.

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Soothill, Keith ; Humphreys, Leslie ; Francis, Brian. / Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up. In: British Journal of Criminology. 2012 ; Vol. 52, No. 4. pp. 765-786.

Bibtex

@article{baacb7af5d7140fa935bf87c8e164b25,
title = "Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up",
abstract = "The long-term outcome for middle-class offenders after conviction is an under-researched area in criminology. This present study considers 317 offenders—with a follow-up of at least 35 years—who are seeking white-collar employment after conviction. On the basis of their previous criminal history, five clusters of offenders can be identified using latent class analysis (LCA): low-rate whitecollar, low-rate general, medium-rate acquisitive specialists, medium/high-rate generalists and high-rate generalists. Of the total series, 40 per cent were reconvicted of any standard-list offence, 24 per cent were reconvicted of a white-collar offence and 8 per cent were reconvicted of a sex or violence offence. The study helps to support the notion that middle-class persons are very much part of ‘the crime problem’.",
keywords = "middle-class offending, reconviction, typologies, sex offending, white-colar crime, criminal careers , long term follow up",
author = "Keith Soothill and Leslie Humphreys and Brian Francis",
year = "2012",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1093/bjc/azs014",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "765--786",
journal = "British Journal of Criminology",
issn = "0007-0955",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Middle-Class Offenders: A 35-Year Follow-Up

AU - Soothill, Keith

AU - Humphreys, Leslie

AU - Francis, Brian

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - The long-term outcome for middle-class offenders after conviction is an under-researched area in criminology. This present study considers 317 offenders—with a follow-up of at least 35 years—who are seeking white-collar employment after conviction. On the basis of their previous criminal history, five clusters of offenders can be identified using latent class analysis (LCA): low-rate whitecollar, low-rate general, medium-rate acquisitive specialists, medium/high-rate generalists and high-rate generalists. Of the total series, 40 per cent were reconvicted of any standard-list offence, 24 per cent were reconvicted of a white-collar offence and 8 per cent were reconvicted of a sex or violence offence. The study helps to support the notion that middle-class persons are very much part of ‘the crime problem’.

AB - The long-term outcome for middle-class offenders after conviction is an under-researched area in criminology. This present study considers 317 offenders—with a follow-up of at least 35 years—who are seeking white-collar employment after conviction. On the basis of their previous criminal history, five clusters of offenders can be identified using latent class analysis (LCA): low-rate whitecollar, low-rate general, medium-rate acquisitive specialists, medium/high-rate generalists and high-rate generalists. Of the total series, 40 per cent were reconvicted of any standard-list offence, 24 per cent were reconvicted of a white-collar offence and 8 per cent were reconvicted of a sex or violence offence. The study helps to support the notion that middle-class persons are very much part of ‘the crime problem’.

KW - middle-class offending

KW - reconviction

KW - typologies

KW - sex offending

KW - white-colar crime

KW - criminal careers

KW - long term follow up

U2 - 10.1093/bjc/azs014

DO - 10.1093/bjc/azs014

M3 - Journal article

VL - 52

SP - 765

EP - 786

JO - British Journal of Criminology

JF - British Journal of Criminology

SN - 0007-0955

IS - 4

ER -