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Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity. / Buckley, Kevin; Kerns, Jemma G.; Parker, Anthony W.; Goodship, Allen E.; Matousek, Pavel.

In: Applied Spectroscopy, Vol. 68, No. 4, 04.2014, p. 510-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Buckley, K, Kerns, JG, Parker, AW, Goodship, AE & Matousek, P 2014, 'Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity', Applied Spectroscopy, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 510-514. https://doi.org/10.1366/13-07296

APA

Buckley, K., Kerns, J. G., Parker, A. W., Goodship, A. E., & Matousek, P. (2014). Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity. Applied Spectroscopy, 68(4), 510-514. https://doi.org/10.1366/13-07296

Vancouver

Buckley K, Kerns JG, Parker AW, Goodship AE, Matousek P. Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity. Applied Spectroscopy. 2014 Apr;68(4):510-514. https://doi.org/10.1366/13-07296

Author

Buckley, Kevin ; Kerns, Jemma G. ; Parker, Anthony W. ; Goodship, Allen E. ; Matousek, Pavel. / Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity. In: Applied Spectroscopy. 2014 ; Vol. 68, No. 4. pp. 510-514.

Bibtex

@article{2f2da02fba4248a68b923c790af52f76,
title = "Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity",
abstract = "Raman spectroscopy was used to show that across 10 cm of diaphyseal (mid-shaft) cortical bone the phosphate-to-amide I ratio (a measure of the mineral to collagen ratio) can vary by as much as 8%, and the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio (a measure of carbonate inclusion in mineral crystals) by as much as 5%. The data are preliminary but are important because they reveal a spatial variation at a scale that is much larger than many of the spectral maps reported in the literature to date. Thus they illustrate natural variation in chemical composition that could have been overlooked in such studies or could have appeared as an undue error where the overall composition of the bone was investigated. Quantifying the variation in mid-shaft cortical bone at the millimeter/centimeter scale reduces the possibility of natural heterogeneity obscuring the average bone composition, or being mistaken for experimental signal, and results in an improvement in the sampling accuracy analogous to that obtained by switching from micrometer-size point spectra of bones to spectral images obtained across hundreds of micrometers. Although the study was carried out using Raman spectroscopy, the underlying cause of the variation is ascribed to the variation of the chemical composition of the bone; therefore the findings have direct implications for other chemically specific analytical methods such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.",
author = "Kevin Buckley and Kerns, {Jemma G.} and Parker, {Anthony W.} and Goodship, {Allen E.} and Pavel Matousek",
year = "2014",
month = apr
doi = "10.1366/13-07296",
language = "English",
volume = "68",
pages = "510--514",
journal = "Applied Spectroscopy",
issn = "0003-7028",
publisher = "Society for Applied Spectroscopy",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Millimeter-scale mapping of cortical bone reveals organ-scale heterogeneity

AU - Buckley, Kevin

AU - Kerns, Jemma G.

AU - Parker, Anthony W.

AU - Goodship, Allen E.

AU - Matousek, Pavel

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Raman spectroscopy was used to show that across 10 cm of diaphyseal (mid-shaft) cortical bone the phosphate-to-amide I ratio (a measure of the mineral to collagen ratio) can vary by as much as 8%, and the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio (a measure of carbonate inclusion in mineral crystals) by as much as 5%. The data are preliminary but are important because they reveal a spatial variation at a scale that is much larger than many of the spectral maps reported in the literature to date. Thus they illustrate natural variation in chemical composition that could have been overlooked in such studies or could have appeared as an undue error where the overall composition of the bone was investigated. Quantifying the variation in mid-shaft cortical bone at the millimeter/centimeter scale reduces the possibility of natural heterogeneity obscuring the average bone composition, or being mistaken for experimental signal, and results in an improvement in the sampling accuracy analogous to that obtained by switching from micrometer-size point spectra of bones to spectral images obtained across hundreds of micrometers. Although the study was carried out using Raman spectroscopy, the underlying cause of the variation is ascribed to the variation of the chemical composition of the bone; therefore the findings have direct implications for other chemically specific analytical methods such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

AB - Raman spectroscopy was used to show that across 10 cm of diaphyseal (mid-shaft) cortical bone the phosphate-to-amide I ratio (a measure of the mineral to collagen ratio) can vary by as much as 8%, and the phosphate-to-carbonate ratio (a measure of carbonate inclusion in mineral crystals) by as much as 5%. The data are preliminary but are important because they reveal a spatial variation at a scale that is much larger than many of the spectral maps reported in the literature to date. Thus they illustrate natural variation in chemical composition that could have been overlooked in such studies or could have appeared as an undue error where the overall composition of the bone was investigated. Quantifying the variation in mid-shaft cortical bone at the millimeter/centimeter scale reduces the possibility of natural heterogeneity obscuring the average bone composition, or being mistaken for experimental signal, and results in an improvement in the sampling accuracy analogous to that obtained by switching from micrometer-size point spectra of bones to spectral images obtained across hundreds of micrometers. Although the study was carried out using Raman spectroscopy, the underlying cause of the variation is ascribed to the variation of the chemical composition of the bone; therefore the findings have direct implications for other chemically specific analytical methods such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy or nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

U2 - 10.1366/13-07296

DO - 10.1366/13-07296

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24694709

VL - 68

SP - 510

EP - 514

JO - Applied Spectroscopy

JF - Applied Spectroscopy

SN - 0003-7028

IS - 4

ER -