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Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease

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Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster : hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease. / Cox, L. S.; Clancy, D. J.; Boubriak, I.; Saunders, R. D.

In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1119, 11.2007, p. 274-288.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Cox, LS, Clancy, DJ, Boubriak, I & Saunders, RD 2007, 'Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease', Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1119, pp. 274-288. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1404.009

APA

Cox, L. S., Clancy, D. J., Boubriak, I., & Saunders, R. D. (2007). Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1119, 274-288. https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1404.009

Vancouver

Author

Cox, L. S. ; Clancy, D. J. ; Boubriak, I. ; Saunders, R. D. / Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster : hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease. In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 1119. pp. 274-288.

Bibtex

@article{0f17700f728a488f9625d634bef76ca9,
title = "Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease",
abstract = "Human progeroid Werner syndrome provides the current best model for analysis of human aging, recapitulating many aspects of normal aging as a result of mutation of the WRN gene. This gene encodes a RecQ-type helicase with additional exonuclease activity. While biochemical studies in vitro have proven invaluable in determining substrate specificities of the WRN exonuclease and helicase, it has been difficult to dissociate the two key enzyme activities in vivo. We are developing Drosophila as a model system for analysis of WRN function; the suitability of Drosophila for extensive and sophisticated genetic manipulation permits us to investigate regulatory pathways and the impact of WRN loss at organismal, cellular, and molecular levels. BLASTP screening of the Drosophila genome with human WRN sequence allowed us to identify three RecQ helicases with strong homology to human WRN, a presumed helicase component of the spliceosome, and two DEAH-box putative RNA helicases with weaker WRN homology. None of these helicases contain a WRN-like exonuclease domain, but two potential WRN-like exonucleases in flies encoded by the loci CG7670 and CG6744 were also identified in the BLAST search. CG6744 and CG7670 are more closely related to human WRN than to each other. We have obtained a fly strain with a piggyBac insertional mutation within the CG6744 locus, which decreases expression of the encoded mRNA. Such flies show elevated levels of somatic recombination. We suggest that WRN-like exonuclease activity is critical in maintaining genomic integrity in flies.",
keywords = "Werner syndrome, WRN, DNA recombination , Drosophila , exonuclease , CG6744 , CG7670 , RecQ helicase , 3′-5′ exonuclease domain-like 2 protein, genome instability",
author = "Cox, {L. S.} and Clancy, {D. J.} and I. Boubriak and Saunders, {R. D.}",
note = "Nov Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease Cox, Lynne S Clancy, David J Boubriak, Ivan Saunders, Robert D C Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Nov;1119:274-88. Nlm eng",
year = "2007",
month = nov
doi = "10.1196/annals.1404.009",
language = "English",
volume = "1119",
pages = "274--288",
journal = "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences",
issn = "0077-8923",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster

T2 - hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease

AU - Cox, L. S.

AU - Clancy, D. J.

AU - Boubriak, I.

AU - Saunders, R. D.

N1 - Nov Modeling Werner Syndrome in Drosophila melanogaster: hyper-recombination in flies lacking WRN-like exonuclease Cox, Lynne S Clancy, David J Boubriak, Ivan Saunders, Robert D C Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2007 Nov;1119:274-88. Nlm eng

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - Human progeroid Werner syndrome provides the current best model for analysis of human aging, recapitulating many aspects of normal aging as a result of mutation of the WRN gene. This gene encodes a RecQ-type helicase with additional exonuclease activity. While biochemical studies in vitro have proven invaluable in determining substrate specificities of the WRN exonuclease and helicase, it has been difficult to dissociate the two key enzyme activities in vivo. We are developing Drosophila as a model system for analysis of WRN function; the suitability of Drosophila for extensive and sophisticated genetic manipulation permits us to investigate regulatory pathways and the impact of WRN loss at organismal, cellular, and molecular levels. BLASTP screening of the Drosophila genome with human WRN sequence allowed us to identify three RecQ helicases with strong homology to human WRN, a presumed helicase component of the spliceosome, and two DEAH-box putative RNA helicases with weaker WRN homology. None of these helicases contain a WRN-like exonuclease domain, but two potential WRN-like exonucleases in flies encoded by the loci CG7670 and CG6744 were also identified in the BLAST search. CG6744 and CG7670 are more closely related to human WRN than to each other. We have obtained a fly strain with a piggyBac insertional mutation within the CG6744 locus, which decreases expression of the encoded mRNA. Such flies show elevated levels of somatic recombination. We suggest that WRN-like exonuclease activity is critical in maintaining genomic integrity in flies.

AB - Human progeroid Werner syndrome provides the current best model for analysis of human aging, recapitulating many aspects of normal aging as a result of mutation of the WRN gene. This gene encodes a RecQ-type helicase with additional exonuclease activity. While biochemical studies in vitro have proven invaluable in determining substrate specificities of the WRN exonuclease and helicase, it has been difficult to dissociate the two key enzyme activities in vivo. We are developing Drosophila as a model system for analysis of WRN function; the suitability of Drosophila for extensive and sophisticated genetic manipulation permits us to investigate regulatory pathways and the impact of WRN loss at organismal, cellular, and molecular levels. BLASTP screening of the Drosophila genome with human WRN sequence allowed us to identify three RecQ helicases with strong homology to human WRN, a presumed helicase component of the spliceosome, and two DEAH-box putative RNA helicases with weaker WRN homology. None of these helicases contain a WRN-like exonuclease domain, but two potential WRN-like exonucleases in flies encoded by the loci CG7670 and CG6744 were also identified in the BLAST search. CG6744 and CG7670 are more closely related to human WRN than to each other. We have obtained a fly strain with a piggyBac insertional mutation within the CG6744 locus, which decreases expression of the encoded mRNA. Such flies show elevated levels of somatic recombination. We suggest that WRN-like exonuclease activity is critical in maintaining genomic integrity in flies.

KW - Werner syndrome

KW - WRN

KW - DNA recombination

KW - Drosophila

KW - exonuclease

KW - CG6744

KW - CG7670

KW - RecQ helicase

KW - 3′-5′ exonuclease domain-like 2 protein

KW - genome instability

U2 - 10.1196/annals.1404.009

DO - 10.1196/annals.1404.009

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1119

SP - 274

EP - 288

JO - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

JF - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

SN - 0077-8923

ER -