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Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas.

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Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas. / James, Mike R.; Lane, Steve J.; Corder, S. B.

In: Geological Society Special Publications, Vol. 307, No. 1, 07.11.2008, p. 147-167.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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James, MR, Lane, SJ & Corder, SB 2008, 'Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas.', Geological Society Special Publications, vol. 307, no. 1, pp. 147-167. https://doi.org/10.1144/SP307.9

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Author

James, Mike R. ; Lane, Steve J. ; Corder, S. B. / Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas. In: Geological Society Special Publications. 2008 ; Vol. 307, No. 1. pp. 147-167.

Bibtex

@article{ed97276faa754845b43f92e12f369aaf,
title = "Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas.",
abstract = "The ascent of large gas bubbles (slugs) in vertical cylindrical conduits and low-viscosity magmas is simulated using 1D mathematical and 3D computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models. Following laboratory evidence, the 1D model defines a constant rise velocity for the slug base and allows gas expansion to accelerate the slug nose through the overlying fluid during ascent. The evolution of rapidly expanding gas slugs observed in laboratory experiments is reproduced well and, at volcano scales, predicts at-surface overpressures of several atmospheres without requiring any initial overpressure at depth. The near-surface dynamics increase slug nose velocities through the overlying magma by a factor of c. 2.5 and the gas expansion results in pre-burst magma surface velocities of c. 35m s21. To examine pressure distributions and the forces exerted on a conduit, 3D CFD simulations were carried out. At volcano scales, the vertical single forces during final slug ascent to the surface are c. 106 N, two orders of magnitude smaller than those associated with verylong-period seismic events at Stromboli. This supports a previous interpretation of these events in which they are generated by gas slugs flowing through changes in conduit geometry, rather than being the direct result of slug eruption processes.",
author = "James, {Mike R.} and Lane, {Steve J.} and Corder, {S. B.}",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1144/SP307.9",
language = "English",
volume = "307",
pages = "147--167",
journal = "Geological Society Special Publications",
issn = "0305-8719",
publisher = "Geological Society of London",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling the rapid near-surface expansion of gas slugs in low-viscosity magmas.

AU - James, Mike R.

AU - Lane, Steve J.

AU - Corder, S. B.

PY - 2008/11/7

Y1 - 2008/11/7

N2 - The ascent of large gas bubbles (slugs) in vertical cylindrical conduits and low-viscosity magmas is simulated using 1D mathematical and 3D computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models. Following laboratory evidence, the 1D model defines a constant rise velocity for the slug base and allows gas expansion to accelerate the slug nose through the overlying fluid during ascent. The evolution of rapidly expanding gas slugs observed in laboratory experiments is reproduced well and, at volcano scales, predicts at-surface overpressures of several atmospheres without requiring any initial overpressure at depth. The near-surface dynamics increase slug nose velocities through the overlying magma by a factor of c. 2.5 and the gas expansion results in pre-burst magma surface velocities of c. 35m s21. To examine pressure distributions and the forces exerted on a conduit, 3D CFD simulations were carried out. At volcano scales, the vertical single forces during final slug ascent to the surface are c. 106 N, two orders of magnitude smaller than those associated with verylong-period seismic events at Stromboli. This supports a previous interpretation of these events in which they are generated by gas slugs flowing through changes in conduit geometry, rather than being the direct result of slug eruption processes.

AB - The ascent of large gas bubbles (slugs) in vertical cylindrical conduits and low-viscosity magmas is simulated using 1D mathematical and 3D computational fluid dynamic (CFD) models. Following laboratory evidence, the 1D model defines a constant rise velocity for the slug base and allows gas expansion to accelerate the slug nose through the overlying fluid during ascent. The evolution of rapidly expanding gas slugs observed in laboratory experiments is reproduced well and, at volcano scales, predicts at-surface overpressures of several atmospheres without requiring any initial overpressure at depth. The near-surface dynamics increase slug nose velocities through the overlying magma by a factor of c. 2.5 and the gas expansion results in pre-burst magma surface velocities of c. 35m s21. To examine pressure distributions and the forces exerted on a conduit, 3D CFD simulations were carried out. At volcano scales, the vertical single forces during final slug ascent to the surface are c. 106 N, two orders of magnitude smaller than those associated with verylong-period seismic events at Stromboli. This supports a previous interpretation of these events in which they are generated by gas slugs flowing through changes in conduit geometry, rather than being the direct result of slug eruption processes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=72049109457&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1144/SP307.9

DO - 10.1144/SP307.9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 307

SP - 147

EP - 167

JO - Geological Society Special Publications

JF - Geological Society Special Publications

SN - 0305-8719

IS - 1

ER -