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Modifications in glass ionomer cements: Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics

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Modifications in glass ionomer cements : Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics. / Najeeb, S.; Khurshid, Z.; Zafar, M.S.; Khan, A.S.; Zohaib, S.; Martí, J.M.N.; Sauro, S.; Matinlinna, J.P.; Rehman, I.U.

In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 7, 1134, 14.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Najeeb, S, Khurshid, Z, Zafar, MS, Khan, AS, Zohaib, S, Martí, JMN, Sauro, S, Matinlinna, JP & Rehman, IU 2016, 'Modifications in glass ionomer cements: Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics', International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 17, no. 7, 1134. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17071134

APA

Najeeb, S., Khurshid, Z., Zafar, M. S., Khan, A. S., Zohaib, S., Martí, J. M. N., Sauro, S., Matinlinna, J. P., & Rehman, I. U. (2016). Modifications in glass ionomer cements: Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17(7), [1134]. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17071134

Vancouver

Najeeb S, Khurshid Z, Zafar MS, Khan AS, Zohaib S, Martí JMN et al. Modifications in glass ionomer cements: Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016 Jul 14;17(7). 1134. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms17071134

Author

Najeeb, S. ; Khurshid, Z. ; Zafar, M.S. ; Khan, A.S. ; Zohaib, S. ; Martí, J.M.N. ; Sauro, S. ; Matinlinna, J.P. ; Rehman, I.U. / Modifications in glass ionomer cements : Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics. In: International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016 ; Vol. 17, No. 7.

Bibtex

@article{18065b068ba145199de293b113c28fe7,
title = "Modifications in glass ionomer cements: Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics",
abstract = "Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are being used for a wide range of applications in dentistry. In order to overcome the poor mechanical properties of glass ionomers, several modifications have been introduced to the conventional GICs. Nanotechnology involves the use of systems, modifications or materials the size of which is in the range of 1–100 nm. Nano-modification of conventional GICs and resin modified GICs (RMGICs) can be achieved by incorporation of nano-sized fillers to RMGICs, reducing the size of the glass particles, and introducing nano-sized bioceramics to the glass powder. Studies suggest that the commercially available nano-filled RMGIC does not hold any significant advantage over conventional RMGICs as far as the mechanical and bonding properties are concerned. Conversely, incorporation of nano-sized apatite crystals not only increases the mechanical properties of conventional GICs, but also can enhance fluoride release and bioactivity. By increasing the crystallinity of the set matrix, apatites can make the set cement chemically more stable, insoluble, and improve the bond strength with tooth structure. Increased fluoride release can also reduce and arrest secondary caries. However, due to a lack of long-term clinical studies, the use of nano-modified glass ionomers is still limited in daily clinical dentistry. In addition to the in vitro and in vivo studies, more randomized clinical trials are required to justify the use of these promising materials. The aim of this paper is to review the modification performed in GIC-based materials to improve their physicochemical properties. {\textcopyright} 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.",
keywords = "Adhesive dentistry, Glass ionomer cement, Nanotechnology, Restorative dentistry, apatite, bioceramics, calcium fluoride, filler, glass ionomer, hydroxyapatite, resin modified glass ionomer cement, titanium dioxide, unclassified drug, zirconium oxide, nanoparticle, tooth cement, chemical binding, chemical bond, chemical modification, compressive strength, dental caries, human, nanofabrication, physical chemistry, reparative dentistry, Review, scanning electron microscopy, surface property, tensile strength, tooth, ceramics, chemistry, Ceramics, Dental Cements, Glass Ionomer Cements, Humans, Nanoparticles",
author = "S. Najeeb and Z. Khurshid and M.S. Zafar and A.S. Khan and S. Zohaib and J.M.N. Mart{\'i} and S. Sauro and J.P. Matinlinna and I.U. Rehman",
year = "2016",
month = jul,
day = "14",
doi = "10.3390/ijms17071134",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "International Journal of Molecular Sciences",
issn = "1661-6596",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modifications in glass ionomer cements

T2 - Nano-sized fillers and bioactive nanoceramics

AU - Najeeb, S.

AU - Khurshid, Z.

AU - Zafar, M.S.

AU - Khan, A.S.

AU - Zohaib, S.

AU - Martí, J.M.N.

AU - Sauro, S.

AU - Matinlinna, J.P.

AU - Rehman, I.U.

PY - 2016/7/14

Y1 - 2016/7/14

N2 - Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are being used for a wide range of applications in dentistry. In order to overcome the poor mechanical properties of glass ionomers, several modifications have been introduced to the conventional GICs. Nanotechnology involves the use of systems, modifications or materials the size of which is in the range of 1–100 nm. Nano-modification of conventional GICs and resin modified GICs (RMGICs) can be achieved by incorporation of nano-sized fillers to RMGICs, reducing the size of the glass particles, and introducing nano-sized bioceramics to the glass powder. Studies suggest that the commercially available nano-filled RMGIC does not hold any significant advantage over conventional RMGICs as far as the mechanical and bonding properties are concerned. Conversely, incorporation of nano-sized apatite crystals not only increases the mechanical properties of conventional GICs, but also can enhance fluoride release and bioactivity. By increasing the crystallinity of the set matrix, apatites can make the set cement chemically more stable, insoluble, and improve the bond strength with tooth structure. Increased fluoride release can also reduce and arrest secondary caries. However, due to a lack of long-term clinical studies, the use of nano-modified glass ionomers is still limited in daily clinical dentistry. In addition to the in vitro and in vivo studies, more randomized clinical trials are required to justify the use of these promising materials. The aim of this paper is to review the modification performed in GIC-based materials to improve their physicochemical properties. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

AB - Glass ionomer cements (GICs) are being used for a wide range of applications in dentistry. In order to overcome the poor mechanical properties of glass ionomers, several modifications have been introduced to the conventional GICs. Nanotechnology involves the use of systems, modifications or materials the size of which is in the range of 1–100 nm. Nano-modification of conventional GICs and resin modified GICs (RMGICs) can be achieved by incorporation of nano-sized fillers to RMGICs, reducing the size of the glass particles, and introducing nano-sized bioceramics to the glass powder. Studies suggest that the commercially available nano-filled RMGIC does not hold any significant advantage over conventional RMGICs as far as the mechanical and bonding properties are concerned. Conversely, incorporation of nano-sized apatite crystals not only increases the mechanical properties of conventional GICs, but also can enhance fluoride release and bioactivity. By increasing the crystallinity of the set matrix, apatites can make the set cement chemically more stable, insoluble, and improve the bond strength with tooth structure. Increased fluoride release can also reduce and arrest secondary caries. However, due to a lack of long-term clinical studies, the use of nano-modified glass ionomers is still limited in daily clinical dentistry. In addition to the in vitro and in vivo studies, more randomized clinical trials are required to justify the use of these promising materials. The aim of this paper is to review the modification performed in GIC-based materials to improve their physicochemical properties. © 2016 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

KW - Adhesive dentistry

KW - Glass ionomer cement

KW - Nanotechnology

KW - Restorative dentistry

KW - apatite

KW - bioceramics

KW - calcium fluoride

KW - filler

KW - glass ionomer

KW - hydroxyapatite

KW - resin modified glass ionomer cement

KW - titanium dioxide

KW - unclassified drug

KW - zirconium oxide

KW - nanoparticle

KW - tooth cement

KW - chemical binding

KW - chemical bond

KW - chemical modification

KW - compressive strength

KW - dental caries

KW - human

KW - nanofabrication

KW - physical chemistry

KW - reparative dentistry

KW - Review

KW - scanning electron microscopy

KW - surface property

KW - tensile strength

KW - tooth

KW - ceramics

KW - chemistry

KW - Ceramics

KW - Dental Cements

KW - Glass Ionomer Cements

KW - Humans

KW - Nanoparticles

U2 - 10.3390/ijms17071134

DO - 10.3390/ijms17071134

M3 - Journal article

VL - 17

JO - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

JF - International Journal of Molecular Sciences

SN - 1661-6596

IS - 7

M1 - 1134

ER -