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Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals

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Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals. / Jones, James T. A.; Hasell, Tom; Wu, Xiaofeng; Bacsa, John; Jelfs, Kim E.; Schmidtmann, Marc; Chong, Samantha Y.; Adams, Dave J.; Trewin, Abbie; Schiffman, Florian; Cora, Furio; Slater, Ben; Steiner, Alexander; Day, Graeme M.; Cooper, Andrew I.

In: Nature, Vol. 474, No. 7351, 16.06.2011, p. 367-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Jones, JTA, Hasell, T, Wu, X, Bacsa, J, Jelfs, KE, Schmidtmann, M, Chong, SY, Adams, DJ, Trewin, A, Schiffman, F, Cora, F, Slater, B, Steiner, A, Day, GM & Cooper, AI 2011, 'Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals', Nature, vol. 474, no. 7351, pp. 367-371. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10125

APA

Jones, J. T. A., Hasell, T., Wu, X., Bacsa, J., Jelfs, K. E., Schmidtmann, M., ... Cooper, A. I. (2011). Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals. Nature, 474(7351), 367-371. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10125

Vancouver

Jones JTA, Hasell T, Wu X, Bacsa J, Jelfs KE, Schmidtmann M et al. Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals. Nature. 2011 Jun 16;474(7351):367-371. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10125

Author

Jones, James T. A. ; Hasell, Tom ; Wu, Xiaofeng ; Bacsa, John ; Jelfs, Kim E. ; Schmidtmann, Marc ; Chong, Samantha Y. ; Adams, Dave J. ; Trewin, Abbie ; Schiffman, Florian ; Cora, Furio ; Slater, Ben ; Steiner, Alexander ; Day, Graeme M. ; Cooper, Andrew I. / Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals. In: Nature. 2011 ; Vol. 474, No. 7351. pp. 367-371.

Bibtex

@article{047612d1b6684f759e739eedcdd511f9,
title = "Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals",
abstract = "Nanoporous molecular frameworks(1-7) are important in applications such as separation, storage and catalysis. Empirical rules exist for their assembly but it is still challenging to place and segregate functionality in three-dimensional porous solids in a predictable way. Indeed, recent studies of mixed crystalline frameworks suggest a preference for the statistical distribution of functionalities throughout the pores(7) rather than, for example, the functional group localization found in the reactive sites of enzymes(8). This is a potential limitation for 'one-pot' chemical syntheses of porous frameworks from simple starting materials. An alternative strategy is to prepare porous solids from synthetically preorganized molecular pores(9-15). In principle, functional organic pore modules could be covalently prefabricated and then assembled to produce materials with specific properties. However, this vision of mix-and-match assembly is far from being realized, not least because of the challenge in reliably predicting three-dimensional structures for molecular crystals, which lack the strong directional bonding found in networks. Here we show that highly porous crystalline solids can be produced by mixing different organic cage modules that self-assemble by means of chiral recognition. The structures of the resulting materials can be predicted computationally(16,17), allowing in silico materials design strategies(18). The constituent pore modules are synthesized in high yields on gram scales in a one-step reaction. Assembly of the porous co-crystals is as simple as combining the modules in solution and removing the solvent. In some cases, the chiral recognition between modules can be exploited to produce porous organic nanoparticles. We show that the method is valid for four different cage modules and can in principle be generalized in a computationally predictable manner based on a lock-and-key assembly between modules.",
keywords = "FRAMEWORKS, CHEMISTRY, HYDROGEN, METHANE, STORAGE, DESIGN",
author = "Jones, {James T. A.} and Tom Hasell and Xiaofeng Wu and John Bacsa and Jelfs, {Kim E.} and Marc Schmidtmann and Chong, {Samantha Y.} and Adams, {Dave J.} and Abbie Trewin and Florian Schiffman and Furio Cora and Ben Slater and Alexander Steiner and Day, {Graeme M.} and Cooper, {Andrew I.}",
year = "2011",
month = "6",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1038/nature10125",
language = "English",
volume = "474",
pages = "367--371",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7351",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modular and predictable assembly of porous organic molecular crystals

AU - Jones, James T. A.

AU - Hasell, Tom

AU - Wu, Xiaofeng

AU - Bacsa, John

AU - Jelfs, Kim E.

AU - Schmidtmann, Marc

AU - Chong, Samantha Y.

AU - Adams, Dave J.

AU - Trewin, Abbie

AU - Schiffman, Florian

AU - Cora, Furio

AU - Slater, Ben

AU - Steiner, Alexander

AU - Day, Graeme M.

AU - Cooper, Andrew I.

PY - 2011/6/16

Y1 - 2011/6/16

N2 - Nanoporous molecular frameworks(1-7) are important in applications such as separation, storage and catalysis. Empirical rules exist for their assembly but it is still challenging to place and segregate functionality in three-dimensional porous solids in a predictable way. Indeed, recent studies of mixed crystalline frameworks suggest a preference for the statistical distribution of functionalities throughout the pores(7) rather than, for example, the functional group localization found in the reactive sites of enzymes(8). This is a potential limitation for 'one-pot' chemical syntheses of porous frameworks from simple starting materials. An alternative strategy is to prepare porous solids from synthetically preorganized molecular pores(9-15). In principle, functional organic pore modules could be covalently prefabricated and then assembled to produce materials with specific properties. However, this vision of mix-and-match assembly is far from being realized, not least because of the challenge in reliably predicting three-dimensional structures for molecular crystals, which lack the strong directional bonding found in networks. Here we show that highly porous crystalline solids can be produced by mixing different organic cage modules that self-assemble by means of chiral recognition. The structures of the resulting materials can be predicted computationally(16,17), allowing in silico materials design strategies(18). The constituent pore modules are synthesized in high yields on gram scales in a one-step reaction. Assembly of the porous co-crystals is as simple as combining the modules in solution and removing the solvent. In some cases, the chiral recognition between modules can be exploited to produce porous organic nanoparticles. We show that the method is valid for four different cage modules and can in principle be generalized in a computationally predictable manner based on a lock-and-key assembly between modules.

AB - Nanoporous molecular frameworks(1-7) are important in applications such as separation, storage and catalysis. Empirical rules exist for their assembly but it is still challenging to place and segregate functionality in three-dimensional porous solids in a predictable way. Indeed, recent studies of mixed crystalline frameworks suggest a preference for the statistical distribution of functionalities throughout the pores(7) rather than, for example, the functional group localization found in the reactive sites of enzymes(8). This is a potential limitation for 'one-pot' chemical syntheses of porous frameworks from simple starting materials. An alternative strategy is to prepare porous solids from synthetically preorganized molecular pores(9-15). In principle, functional organic pore modules could be covalently prefabricated and then assembled to produce materials with specific properties. However, this vision of mix-and-match assembly is far from being realized, not least because of the challenge in reliably predicting three-dimensional structures for molecular crystals, which lack the strong directional bonding found in networks. Here we show that highly porous crystalline solids can be produced by mixing different organic cage modules that self-assemble by means of chiral recognition. The structures of the resulting materials can be predicted computationally(16,17), allowing in silico materials design strategies(18). The constituent pore modules are synthesized in high yields on gram scales in a one-step reaction. Assembly of the porous co-crystals is as simple as combining the modules in solution and removing the solvent. In some cases, the chiral recognition between modules can be exploited to produce porous organic nanoparticles. We show that the method is valid for four different cage modules and can in principle be generalized in a computationally predictable manner based on a lock-and-key assembly between modules.

KW - FRAMEWORKS

KW - CHEMISTRY

KW - HYDROGEN

KW - METHANE

KW - STORAGE

KW - DESIGN

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79959267466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nature10125

DO - 10.1038/nature10125

M3 - Journal article

VL - 474

SP - 367

EP - 371

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7351

ER -