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Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana

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Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1 : the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana. / Joshi, Manju B; Rogers, Matthew E; Shakarian, Alison M; Yamage, Mat; Al-Harthi, Saeed A; Bates, Paul A; Dwyer, Dennis M.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280, No. 5, 2005, p. 3847-3861.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Joshi, MB, Rogers, ME, Shakarian, AM, Yamage, M, Al-Harthi, SA, Bates, PA & Dwyer, DM 2005, 'Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana', Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 280, no. 5, pp. 3847-3861. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M412299200

APA

Joshi, M. B., Rogers, M. E., Shakarian, A. M., Yamage, M., Al-Harthi, S. A., Bates, P. A., & Dwyer, D. M. (2005). Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280(5), 3847-3861. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M412299200

Vancouver

Joshi MB, Rogers ME, Shakarian AM, Yamage M, Al-Harthi SA, Bates PA et al. Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2005;280(5):3847-3861. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M412299200

Author

Joshi, Manju B ; Rogers, Matthew E ; Shakarian, Alison M ; Yamage, Mat ; Al-Harthi, Saeed A ; Bates, Paul A ; Dwyer, Dennis M. / Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1 : the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana. In: Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2005 ; Vol. 280, No. 5. pp. 3847-3861.

Bibtex

@article{1ddcf0196e9049cd871fbf4e4d1e310e,
title = "Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1: the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana",
abstract = "Chitinases have been implicated to be of importance in the life cycle development and transmission of a variety of parasitic organisms. Using a molecular approach, we identified and characterized the structure of a single copy LmexCht1-chitinase gene from the primitive trypanosomatid pathogen of humans, Leishmania mexicana. The LmexCht1 encodes an approximately 50 kDa protein, with well conserved substrate binding and catalytic domains characteristic of members of the chitinase-18 protein family. Further, we showed that LmexCht1 mRNA is constitutively expressed by both the insect vector (i.e. promastigote) and mammalian (i.e. amastigote) life cycle developmental forms of this protozoan parasite. Interestingly, however, amastigotes were found to secrete/release approximately >2-4-fold higher levels of chitinase activity during their growth in vitro than promastigotes. Moreover, a homologous episomal expression system was devised and used to express an epitope-tagged LmexCht1 chimeric construct in these parasites. Expression of the LmexCht1 chimera was verified in these transfectants by reverse transcription-PCR, Western blots, and indirect immunofluorescence analyses. Further, results of coupled immunoprecipitation/enzyme activity experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 chimeric protein was secreted/released by these transfected L. mexicana parasites and that it possessed functional chitinase enzyme activity. Such transfectants were also evaluated for their infectivity both in human macrophages in vitro and in two different strains of mice. Results of those experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 transfectants survived significantly better in human macrophages and also produced significantly larger lesions in mice than control parasites. Taken together, our results indicate that the LmexCht1-chimera afforded a definitive survival advantage to the parasite within these mammalian hosts. Thus, the LmexCht1 could potentially represent a new virulence determinant in the mammalian phase of this important human pathogen.",
author = "Joshi, {Manju B} and Rogers, {Matthew E} and Shakarian, {Alison M} and Mat Yamage and Al-Harthi, {Saeed A} and Bates, {Paul A} and Dwyer, {Dennis M}",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M412299200",
language = "English",
volume = "280",
pages = "3847--3861",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Molecular characterization, expression, and in vivo analysis of LmexCht1

T2 - the chitinase of the human pathogen, Leishmania mexicana

AU - Joshi, Manju B

AU - Rogers, Matthew E

AU - Shakarian, Alison M

AU - Yamage, Mat

AU - Al-Harthi, Saeed A

AU - Bates, Paul A

AU - Dwyer, Dennis M

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Chitinases have been implicated to be of importance in the life cycle development and transmission of a variety of parasitic organisms. Using a molecular approach, we identified and characterized the structure of a single copy LmexCht1-chitinase gene from the primitive trypanosomatid pathogen of humans, Leishmania mexicana. The LmexCht1 encodes an approximately 50 kDa protein, with well conserved substrate binding and catalytic domains characteristic of members of the chitinase-18 protein family. Further, we showed that LmexCht1 mRNA is constitutively expressed by both the insect vector (i.e. promastigote) and mammalian (i.e. amastigote) life cycle developmental forms of this protozoan parasite. Interestingly, however, amastigotes were found to secrete/release approximately >2-4-fold higher levels of chitinase activity during their growth in vitro than promastigotes. Moreover, a homologous episomal expression system was devised and used to express an epitope-tagged LmexCht1 chimeric construct in these parasites. Expression of the LmexCht1 chimera was verified in these transfectants by reverse transcription-PCR, Western blots, and indirect immunofluorescence analyses. Further, results of coupled immunoprecipitation/enzyme activity experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 chimeric protein was secreted/released by these transfected L. mexicana parasites and that it possessed functional chitinase enzyme activity. Such transfectants were also evaluated for their infectivity both in human macrophages in vitro and in two different strains of mice. Results of those experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 transfectants survived significantly better in human macrophages and also produced significantly larger lesions in mice than control parasites. Taken together, our results indicate that the LmexCht1-chimera afforded a definitive survival advantage to the parasite within these mammalian hosts. Thus, the LmexCht1 could potentially represent a new virulence determinant in the mammalian phase of this important human pathogen.

AB - Chitinases have been implicated to be of importance in the life cycle development and transmission of a variety of parasitic organisms. Using a molecular approach, we identified and characterized the structure of a single copy LmexCht1-chitinase gene from the primitive trypanosomatid pathogen of humans, Leishmania mexicana. The LmexCht1 encodes an approximately 50 kDa protein, with well conserved substrate binding and catalytic domains characteristic of members of the chitinase-18 protein family. Further, we showed that LmexCht1 mRNA is constitutively expressed by both the insect vector (i.e. promastigote) and mammalian (i.e. amastigote) life cycle developmental forms of this protozoan parasite. Interestingly, however, amastigotes were found to secrete/release approximately >2-4-fold higher levels of chitinase activity during their growth in vitro than promastigotes. Moreover, a homologous episomal expression system was devised and used to express an epitope-tagged LmexCht1 chimeric construct in these parasites. Expression of the LmexCht1 chimera was verified in these transfectants by reverse transcription-PCR, Western blots, and indirect immunofluorescence analyses. Further, results of coupled immunoprecipitation/enzyme activity experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 chimeric protein was secreted/released by these transfected L. mexicana parasites and that it possessed functional chitinase enzyme activity. Such transfectants were also evaluated for their infectivity both in human macrophages in vitro and in two different strains of mice. Results of those experiments demonstrated that the LmexCht1 transfectants survived significantly better in human macrophages and also produced significantly larger lesions in mice than control parasites. Taken together, our results indicate that the LmexCht1-chimera afforded a definitive survival advantage to the parasite within these mammalian hosts. Thus, the LmexCht1 could potentially represent a new virulence determinant in the mammalian phase of this important human pathogen.

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M412299200

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M412299200

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15561707

VL - 280

SP - 3847

EP - 3861

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 5

ER -