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More refined typology and design in linguistic relativity: The case of motion event encoding

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

E-pub ahead of print
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/04/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics
Number of pages9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date11/04/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Linguistic relativity is the influence of language on other realms of cognition. For instance, the way movement is expressed in a person’s native language may influence how they perceive movement. Motion event encoding (MEE) is usually framed as a typological dichotomy. Path-in-verb languages tend to encode path information within the verb (e.g., ‘leave’), whereas manner-in-verb languages encode manner (e.g., ‘jump’). The results of MEE-based linguistic relativity experiments range from no effect to effects on verbal and nonverbal cognition. Seeking a more definitive conclusion, we propose linguistic and experimental enhancements. First, we examine state-of-the-art typology, suggesting how a recent MEE classification across twenty languages (Verkerk, 2014) may enable more powerful analyses. Second, we review procedural challenges such as the influence of verbal thought and second-guessing in experiments. To tackle these challenges, we propose distinguishing verbal and nonverbal subgroups, and having enough filler items. Finally we exemplify this in an experimental design.

Bibliographic note

http://doi.org/10.1075/dujal.15019.ber This article has been published as Online First in the Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics, Volume ?, Issue ?, 2019, pages: ?-?, © 2019 John Benjamins. The publisher should be contacted for permission to re-use the material in any form.