12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Naive definitions of action and inaction
View graph of relations

« Back

Naive definitions of action and inaction: the continuum, spread, and valence of behaviors

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date03/2012
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Psychology
Journal number2
Volume42
Number of pages8
Pages227-234
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The cohesiveness of a society depends, in part, on how its individual members manage their daily activities with respect to the goals of that society. Hence, there should be a degree of social agreement on what constitutes action and what constitutes inaction. The present research investigated the structure of action and inaction definitions, the evaluation of action versus inaction, and individual differences in these evaluations. Actioninaction ratings of behaviors and states showed more social agreement at the ends of the inactionaction continuum than at the middle, suggesting a socially shared construal of this definition. Actioninaction ratings were also shown to correlate with the valence of the rated behaviors, such that the more active the behavior, the more positive its valence. Lastly, individual differences in locomotion, need for closure, and Christian religious beliefs correlated positively with a preference for action. Copyright (c) 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.