Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/mag...
View graph of relations

Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/magma flow at ionian volcanoes: application to Pillan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Standard

Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/magma flow at ionian volcanoes : application to Pillan. / Cataldo, Enzo; Davies, Ashley Gerard; Wilson, Lionel.

In: Icarus, Vol. 226, No. 1, 09.2013, p. 1171-1176.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Cataldo, Enzo ; Davies, Ashley Gerard ; Wilson, Lionel. / Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/magma flow at ionian volcanoes : application to Pillan. In: Icarus. 2013 ; Vol. 226, No. 1. pp. 1171-1176.

Bibtex

@article{ea2e13af01c645729608cee06070f8af,
title = "Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/magma flow at ionian volcanoes: application to Pillan",
abstract = "In 1997, the Pillan volcano on Io was home to a fierce volcanic eruption that emplaced extensive lava flows and a circular plume deposit. The gas/magma flow issuing from the unresolved vent region appeared to form an almost vertical jet. We consider steady eruptions of gas and magma, and take the vent to be either a fissure or a point source. In the fissure scenario, the upper-conduit flow must reach Mach 1 in the 25-75 m depth range to produce the vent velocities of 550-600 m/s that are required to explain the observed plume heights. Conduit wall deflections in the range 20-30 degrees from vertical (values referring to the upper meter of the conduit) and similar to 26-30% by mass of incorporated crustal SO2 are also needed. In the point-source scenario, sonic flow conditions and similar velocities are achieved in the depth range 350-500 m for similar conduit wall deflections and gas mass proportions in the erupting mixture. Probably, the source of the 140-km-high plume imaged in 1997 was either a similar to 6-11 m-wide fissure, active for similar to 14-40 km along strike, or a circular vent similar to 125-216 m in diameter, the former scenario being preferred. Finally, a shock-free conduit flow is more likely to sustain a tall lava fountain in a near-vacuum. ",
keywords = "Io, Volcanism, Geological processes, Jupiter, Satellites, ERUPTION, IO, MAGMA, EMPLACEMENT, TVASHTAR, GALILEO, STYLE, PELE, MOON",
author = "Enzo Cataldo and Davies, {Ashley Gerard} and Lionel Wilson",
year = "2013",
month = sep
doi = "10.1016/j.icarus.2013.06.035",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
pages = "1171--1176",
journal = "Icarus",
issn = "0019-1035",
publisher = "ELSEVIER ACADEMIC PRESS INC",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Near-vertical supersonic and shock-free gas/magma flow at ionian volcanoes

T2 - application to Pillan

AU - Cataldo, Enzo

AU - Davies, Ashley Gerard

AU - Wilson, Lionel

PY - 2013/9

Y1 - 2013/9

N2 - In 1997, the Pillan volcano on Io was home to a fierce volcanic eruption that emplaced extensive lava flows and a circular plume deposit. The gas/magma flow issuing from the unresolved vent region appeared to form an almost vertical jet. We consider steady eruptions of gas and magma, and take the vent to be either a fissure or a point source. In the fissure scenario, the upper-conduit flow must reach Mach 1 in the 25-75 m depth range to produce the vent velocities of 550-600 m/s that are required to explain the observed plume heights. Conduit wall deflections in the range 20-30 degrees from vertical (values referring to the upper meter of the conduit) and similar to 26-30% by mass of incorporated crustal SO2 are also needed. In the point-source scenario, sonic flow conditions and similar velocities are achieved in the depth range 350-500 m for similar conduit wall deflections and gas mass proportions in the erupting mixture. Probably, the source of the 140-km-high plume imaged in 1997 was either a similar to 6-11 m-wide fissure, active for similar to 14-40 km along strike, or a circular vent similar to 125-216 m in diameter, the former scenario being preferred. Finally, a shock-free conduit flow is more likely to sustain a tall lava fountain in a near-vacuum. 

AB - In 1997, the Pillan volcano on Io was home to a fierce volcanic eruption that emplaced extensive lava flows and a circular plume deposit. The gas/magma flow issuing from the unresolved vent region appeared to form an almost vertical jet. We consider steady eruptions of gas and magma, and take the vent to be either a fissure or a point source. In the fissure scenario, the upper-conduit flow must reach Mach 1 in the 25-75 m depth range to produce the vent velocities of 550-600 m/s that are required to explain the observed plume heights. Conduit wall deflections in the range 20-30 degrees from vertical (values referring to the upper meter of the conduit) and similar to 26-30% by mass of incorporated crustal SO2 are also needed. In the point-source scenario, sonic flow conditions and similar velocities are achieved in the depth range 350-500 m for similar conduit wall deflections and gas mass proportions in the erupting mixture. Probably, the source of the 140-km-high plume imaged in 1997 was either a similar to 6-11 m-wide fissure, active for similar to 14-40 km along strike, or a circular vent similar to 125-216 m in diameter, the former scenario being preferred. Finally, a shock-free conduit flow is more likely to sustain a tall lava fountain in a near-vacuum. 

KW - Io

KW - Volcanism

KW - Geological processes

KW - Jupiter, Satellites

KW - ERUPTION

KW - IO

KW - MAGMA

KW - EMPLACEMENT

KW - TVASHTAR

KW - GALILEO

KW - STYLE

KW - PELE

KW - MOON

U2 - 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.06.035

DO - 10.1016/j.icarus.2013.06.035

M3 - Journal article

VL - 226

SP - 1171

EP - 1176

JO - Icarus

JF - Icarus

SN - 0019-1035

IS - 1

ER -