12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Neutron reflection from the liquid helium surface.
View graph of relations

« Back

Neutron reflection from the liquid helium surface.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date04/2008
JournalLow Temperature Physics
Journal number4
Volume34
Number of pages4
Pages316-319
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The reflection of neutrons from a helium surface has been observed for the first time. The 4He surface is smoother in the superfluid state at 1.54 K than in the case of the normal liquid at 2.3 K. In the superfluid state we also observe a surface layer ~200 Å thick which has a subtly different neutron scattering cross-section, which may be explained by an enhanced Bose-Einstein condensate fraction close to the helium surface. The application of neutron reflectometry described in this paper creates new and exciting opportunities for the surface and interfacial study of quantum fluids.