12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Nonlinear second sound waves and acoustic turbu...
View graph of relations

« Back

Nonlinear second sound waves and acoustic turbulence in superfluid He-4.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date08/2007
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Journal number3-4
Volume148
Number of pages5
Pages251-255
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The preliminary results of an investigation of nonlinear second sound waves in a high quality resonator filled with superfluid 4He are presented and discussed. It is found that, for a sufficiently strong periodic driving force, a cascade of second sound waves is formed at multiple harmonics of the driving frequency over the extremely wide frequency range 1–100 kHz. It can be described by a power law A ω =const.×ω −m , where the scaling index m≈1. These observation can be attributed to the formation of a Kolmogorov-like turbulent cascade in the system of second sound waves, accompanied by directed energy flux through the frequency scales. It manifests itself as a limiting of the amplitude of a standing wave, a distortion of the shape of the initially harmonic waves, and a reduction of the effective quality factor Q of the resonator.