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Numerical investigation into effect of fuel injection timing on CAI/HCCI combustion in a four-stroke GDI engine

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2006
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics
Issue number1
Number of pages17
Pages (from-to)41-57
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The Controlled Auto-Ignition (CAI) combustion, also known as Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI), was achieved by trapping residuals with early exhaust valve closure in conjunction with direct injection. Multi-cycle 3D engine simulations have been carried out for parametric study on four different injection timings in order to better understand the effects of injection timings on in-cylinder mixing and CAI combustion. The full engine cycle simulation including complete gas exchange and combustion processes was carried out over several cycles in order to obtain the stable cycle for analysis. The combustion models used in the present study are the Shell auto-ignition model and the characteristic-time combustion model, which were modified to take the high level of EGR into consideration. A liquid sheet breakup spray model was used for the droplet breakup processes. The analyses show that the injection timing plays an important role in affecting the in-cylinder air/fuel mixing and mixture temperature, which in turn affects the CAI combustion and engine performance.