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Oligoyne Single Molecule Wires

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date4/11/2009
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Journal number43
Volume131
Number of pages8
Pages15647-15654
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We report the electrical conductance at the single molecule level of the oligoyne molecular wires Py-(C C)(n)-Py (n = 1, 2 and 4; Py = 4-pyridyl) using STM-molecular break junction techniques in Au vertical bar molecule vertical bar Au configurations. The conductance histograms reveal multiple series of peaks attributed to differing contact geometries between the pyridyl head groups and the gold electrodes. Both experimental and theoretical evidence point to the higher conduction groups being related to adsorption of the pyridyl group at more highly coordinated sites such as step edges or alongside gold adatoms. All three conduction groups in the oligoyne series show a remarkably low beta value of (0.06 +/- 0.03) angstrom(-1), that is, the conductance is almost independent of molecular length. 4,4'-Bipyridyl studied under the same conditions does not follow this exponential decay series. Theoretical calculations using a combination of density functional theory and nonequilibrium Green's function formalism support the experimental results. We conclude that oligoynes and polyynes are a very promising class of molecular wires for integration into electronic circuitry.