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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Savage, A., and Emerson, E. (2016) Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60: 1128–1135. doi: 10.1111/jir.12309 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jir.12309/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number11
Volume60
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1128-1135
Publication statusPublished
Early online date22/07/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background Children with intellectual disability (ID) in high income countries are at significantly greater risk of obesity than their non-disabled peers. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 3 to 4-year-old children who are/are not at risk of ID in low and middle income countries. Method Secondary analysis of Round 4 and 5 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) from 20 low and middle income countries that included a total of 83 597 3 to 4-year-old children. Results Few differences in risk of overweight or obesity were apparent between 3 and 4-year-old children identified as being at risk/not at risk of ID in 20 low and middle income countries. In the two countries where statistically significant differences were observed, prevalence of overweight/obesity was lower among children at risk of ID. Conclusions These results stand in stark contrast to evidence from high income countries which suggest that children with ID are at significantly increased risk of obesity when compared to their non-intellectually disabled peers.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Savage, A., and Emerson, E. (2016) Overweight and obesity among children at risk of intellectual disability in 20 low and middle income countries. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60: 1128–1135. doi: 10.1111/jir.12309 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jir.12309/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.