We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


97% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > PAC-LAN: Mixed reality gaming with RFID enabled...
View graph of relations

« Back

PAC-LAN: Mixed reality gaming with RFID enabled mobile phones

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/10/2006
<mark>Journal</mark>Computers in Entertainment (CIE)
Number of pages17
<mark>Original language</mark>English


RFID (Radio frequency identification) is often seen as an enabling technology for mixed-reality experiences where all kinds of objects, even the most mundane and inanimate, can be equipped to provide interaction between the real and virtual worlds. These mixed-reality experiences could occur in all aspects of our lives, but one of the most easily envisaged is that of computer games. As the mobile phone has become the computer carried in the pockets of a third of the population of the planet, it would seem a natural platform for these mixed-reality games. Further, the emergence of mobile phones that incorporate RFID readers gives the opportunity for creating games in which players interact with real physical objects, in real locations, and provides enhanced gameplay and experience. In this article we present details of a novel location- and object-enhanced mixed-reality version of the Namco arcade classic, Pacman. In particular, the article presents a comparison of the game to other mixed-reality versions of Pacman; the rationale behind specific design choices made during game design and its subsequent implementation; and an analysis of the experiences of people who have played the game. Our system highlights the possibilities via use of physical objects and the combination of mobile phones and RFID of yielding new mixed-reality entertainment experiences.

Bibliographic note

This paper won the ACM best paper award for 2006 and presents a novel implementation of a mixed reality mobile phone game using RFID/NFC enabled phones. The paper explores not only the technical implementation but also the user experience presenting a novel analysis through space-time paths. This project was the first game in the world to be developed using these phones and was made possible through Nokia providing support and phones prior to their commercial release. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Electrical and Electronic Engineering