We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Partitioning, extractability and formation of n...
View graph of relations

« Back

Partitioning, extractability and formation of non-extractable PAH residues in soil: II. Effects on compound dissolution behaviour.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date15/03/2001
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Number of pages7
Original languageEnglish


This study was carried out to assess the influence of PAH sequestration in sterile sewage sludge-amended arable soil on their dissolution behavior. Radiolabeled phenanthrene (14C-9-Phe), pyrene (14C-4,5,9,10-Pyr), and benzo[a]pyrene (14C-7-B[a]P) were spiked and aged for up to 525 days in sterile soil microcosms. The dissolution behavior of the compounds was determined at various times using an in-situ XAD-2 sorbent method. The XAD procedure allowed the detection of hydrophobic PAHs released from the soil and demonstrated that a fraction of PAH was resistant to dissolution. The experimental data generated was analyzed using an empirical two-site model, and fitted values were obtained for the magnitude of the rapidly released compound fraction and the rate of release for the rapid and slowly released compound fractions. Increasing sequestration did not reduce the size of the rapidly released compound fraction in this soil. We did, however, observe a decrease in the rate of the fast released fraction of 14C-7-B[a]P which formed a significantly larger sequestered fraction. The duration of the dissolution experiments proved insufficient to obtain precise estimations for the rate of slow compound release from the soil, and we were unable to determine whether sequestration affected the rate of release for the slowly released compound fraction. These results demonstrate the necessity of conducting desorption experiments for a period of months if complete data on the long-term release of desorption resistant compound fractions is to be obtained.