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    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Atkinson, P., Francis, B., Gregory, I. and Porter, C. (2017), Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850–1910†. The Economic History Review, 70: 1268–1290. doi:10.1111/ehr.12488. which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ehr.12488/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850-1910

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Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850-1910. / Atkinson, Paul David; Francis, Brian Joseph; Gregory, Ian Norman; Porter, Catherine.

In: Economic History Review, Vol. 70, No. 4, 01.11.2017, p. 1268-1290.

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@article{e581b3e5ecf64f69a9b785429b8d27bc,
title = "Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850-1910",
abstract = "The study of nineteenth-century infant mortality in Britain has neglected the rural dimension to a surprising degree. We map the change in infant mortality rate (IMR) between the 1850s and the 1900s at Registration District (RD) level. Latent trajectory analysis, a longitudinal model based clustering method, is used to identify the clusters into which rural RDs fell, based on their IMR trajectories. Relationships between IMR and population density, fertility, female tuberculosis mortality, female illiteracy, male agricultural wages and distance from London are examined in a longitudinal study.The tuberculosis (maternal health), illiteracy (education), and distance variables had the most effect. IMR responded most strongly to improving health and education in the east, less in the central area and least in the north and west. The eastern zone’s higher than average mid-century infant mortality therefore declined faster than the national average. A central and southern zone had slightly lower IMRs in mid-century but did not keep up with the rate of decline in the east. The peripheral north and west had the lowest mid-century rates but their decline was overtaken by the other zones. The interpretation of these findings and their relevance to the wider study of infant mortality are discussed.",
author = "Atkinson, {Paul David} and Francis, {Brian Joseph} and Gregory, {Ian Norman} and Catherine Porter",
note = "This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Atkinson, P., Francis, B., Gregory, I. and Porter, C. (2017), Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850–1910†. The Economic History Review, 70: 1268–1290. doi:10.1111/ehr.12488. which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ehr.12488/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/ehr.12488",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "1268--1290",
journal = "Economic History Review",
issn = "0013-0117",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850-1910

AU - Atkinson, Paul David

AU - Francis, Brian Joseph

AU - Gregory, Ian Norman

AU - Porter, Catherine

N1 - This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Atkinson, P., Francis, B., Gregory, I. and Porter, C. (2017), Patterns of infant mortality in rural England and Wales, 1850–1910†. The Economic History Review, 70: 1268–1290. doi:10.1111/ehr.12488. which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ehr.12488/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - The study of nineteenth-century infant mortality in Britain has neglected the rural dimension to a surprising degree. We map the change in infant mortality rate (IMR) between the 1850s and the 1900s at Registration District (RD) level. Latent trajectory analysis, a longitudinal model based clustering method, is used to identify the clusters into which rural RDs fell, based on their IMR trajectories. Relationships between IMR and population density, fertility, female tuberculosis mortality, female illiteracy, male agricultural wages and distance from London are examined in a longitudinal study.The tuberculosis (maternal health), illiteracy (education), and distance variables had the most effect. IMR responded most strongly to improving health and education in the east, less in the central area and least in the north and west. The eastern zone’s higher than average mid-century infant mortality therefore declined faster than the national average. A central and southern zone had slightly lower IMRs in mid-century but did not keep up with the rate of decline in the east. The peripheral north and west had the lowest mid-century rates but their decline was overtaken by the other zones. The interpretation of these findings and their relevance to the wider study of infant mortality are discussed.

AB - The study of nineteenth-century infant mortality in Britain has neglected the rural dimension to a surprising degree. We map the change in infant mortality rate (IMR) between the 1850s and the 1900s at Registration District (RD) level. Latent trajectory analysis, a longitudinal model based clustering method, is used to identify the clusters into which rural RDs fell, based on their IMR trajectories. Relationships between IMR and population density, fertility, female tuberculosis mortality, female illiteracy, male agricultural wages and distance from London are examined in a longitudinal study.The tuberculosis (maternal health), illiteracy (education), and distance variables had the most effect. IMR responded most strongly to improving health and education in the east, less in the central area and least in the north and west. The eastern zone’s higher than average mid-century infant mortality therefore declined faster than the national average. A central and southern zone had slightly lower IMRs in mid-century but did not keep up with the rate of decline in the east. The peripheral north and west had the lowest mid-century rates but their decline was overtaken by the other zones. The interpretation of these findings and their relevance to the wider study of infant mortality are discussed.

U2 - 10.1111/ehr.12488

DO - 10.1111/ehr.12488

M3 - Journal article

VL - 70

SP - 1268

EP - 1290

JO - Economic History Review

JF - Economic History Review

SN - 0013-0117

IS - 4

ER -