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Performance demands in the selection of objects for counting.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date1996
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Journal number1
Volume61
Number of pages13
Pages67-79
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

This paper considers the visual processes in object counting among children. Experiment 1 presented identical objects to 7- and 8-year-old children and found that spatially random configurations were counted more quickly than linear arrays, illustrating the difficulty of isolating objects grouped together in rows. However, the younger children were more prone to miscounting these random arrays than rows. The study also established a spatial proximity effect, with a dense arrangement of items being difficult to count. Experiment 2 revealed that this proximity effect can be removed by differentiating objects by color, providing further evidence that object counting involves overcoming Gestalt grouping forces and arguing against fine-motor control as a limiting factor in counting.