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Performance metrics for activity recognition

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Article number6
Journal publication date2011
JournalACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)
Journal number1
Volume2
Number of pages23
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

In this article, we introduce and evaluate a comprehensive set of performance metrics and visualisations for continuous activity recognition (AR). We demonstrate how standard evaluation methods, often borrowed from related pattern recognition problems, fail to capture common artefacts found in continuous AR—specifically event fragmentation, event merging and timing offsets. We support our assertion with an analysis on a set of recently published AR papers. Building on an earlier initial work on the topic, we develop a frame-based visualisation and corresponding set of class-skew invariant metrics for the one class versus all evaluation. These are complemented by a new complete set of event-based metrics that allow a quick graphical representation of system performance—showing events that are correct, inserted, deleted, fragmented, merged and those which are both fragmented and merged. We evaluate the utility of our approach through comparison with standard metrics on data from three different published experiments. This shows that where event- and frame-based precision and recall lead to an ambiguous interpretation of results in some cases, the proposed metrics provide a consistently unambiguous explanation.

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