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Persistent enhancement of the HF pump-induced plasma line measured with a UHF diagnostic radar at HAARP

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • S. Oyama
  • B. J. Watkins
  • F. T. Djuth
  • Mike J. Kosch
  • P. A. Bernhardt
  • C. J. Heinselman
Journal publication date06/2006
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research
Journal numberA6
Volume111
PagesA06309
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Plasma lines excited by a powerful, high-frequency (HF) radio wave are studied using data obtained with an ultrahigh frequency (UHF) radar at HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program) from 3 to 5 February 2005. Of particular interest is persistent enhancement of the radar backscatter power during HF on at several HF frequencies. The persistent enhancement is induced with the HF frequency slightly lower than foF2 by a few hundred kHz; by contrast the persistent enhancement does not appear when the HF frequency is equal to and higher than foF2 or lower than foF2 by more than 500 kHz. When persistent enhancements of the radar backscatter power appear, two case studies show that the local plasma frequency at the reflection height of the O-mode polarization wave is close to the second or third electron gyroharmonic frequencies, but one case study shows that the local plasma frequency at the reflection height is significantly different from the third electron gyroharmonic frequency.

Bibliographic note

Copyright (2006) American Geophysical Union.