12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Photolytic degradation of methyl-parathion and ...
View graph of relations

« Back

Photolytic degradation of methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in ice and water : implications for cold environments.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date12/2009
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Journal number12
Volume157
Number of pages6
Pages3308-3313
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Here we investigate the photodegradation of structurally similar organophosphorus pesticides; methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in water (20 °C) and ice (−15 °C) under environmentally-relevant conditions with the aim of comparing these laboratory findings to limited field observations. Both compounds were found to be photolyzed more efficiently in ice than in aqueous solutions, with quantum yields of degradation being higher in ice than in water (fenitrothion > methyl-parathion). This rather surprising observation was attributed to the concentration effect caused by freezing the aqueous solutions. The major phototransformation products included the corresponding oxons (methyl-paraoxon and fenitroxon) and the nitrophenols (3-methyl-nitrophenol and nitrophenol) in both irradiated water and ice samples. The presence of oxons in ice following irradiation, demonstrates an additional formation mechanism of these toxicologically relevant compounds in cold environments, although further photodegradation of oxons in ice indicates that photochemistry of OPs might be an environmentally important sink in cold environments. Photodegradation of methyl-parathion and fenitrothion in water and ice under environmentally-relevant conditions is described.