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Pluralism in qualitative research: the impact of different researchers and qualitative approaches on the analysis of qualitative data

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

  • Nollaig Frost
  • Belinda Brooks-Gordon
  • Cigdem Esin
  • Amanda Holt
  • Leila Mehdizadeh
  • Pnina Shinebourne
Journal publication date08/2010
JournalQualitative Research
Journal number4
Volume10
Number of pages20
Pages441-460
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Qualitative approaches to research in psychology and the social sciences are increasingly used. The variety of approaches incorporates different epistemologies, theoretical traditions and practices with associated analysis techniques spanning a range of theoretical and empirical frameworks. Despite the increase in mixed method approaches it is unusual for qualitative methods to be used in combination with each other. The Pluralism in Qualitative Research project (PQR) was developed in order to investigate the benefits and creative tensions of integrating diverse qualitative approaches. Among other objectives it seeks to interrogate the contributions and impact of researchers and methods on data analysis. The article presents our pluralistic analysis of a single semi-structured interview transcript. Analyses were carried out by different researchers using grounded theory, Foucauldian discourse analysis, interpretative phenomenological analysis and narrative analysis. We discuss the variation and agreement in the analysis of the data. The implications of the findings on the conduct, writing and presentation of qualitative research are discussed.