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Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

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**Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras.** / Dales, G.; Ulger, Ali.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article

Dales, G & Ulger, A 2020, 'Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras', *Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne)*.

Dales, G., & Ulger, A. (Accepted/In press). Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras. *Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne)*.

Dales G, Ulger A. Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras. Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne). 2020 Aug 10.

@article{51084cc82c7949b99ee3e266822cd53e,

title = "Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras",

abstract = "In this memoir, we shall study Banach function algebras that have bounded pointwise approximate identities, and especially those that have contractive pointwise approximate identities. ABanach function algebra A is (pointwise) contractive if A and every non-zero, maximal modular ideal in A have contractive (pointwise) approximate identities. Let A be a Banach function algebra with character space Phi_A. We shall show that the existence of a contractive pointwise approximate identity in A depends closely on whether ||varphi|| =1 for each varphi in Phi_A$. The linear span of Phi_A in the dual space A' is denoted by L(A), and this is used to define the BSE norm on A; the algebra A has a BSE norm if this norm is equivalent to the given norm. We shall then introduce and study in some detail the quotient Banach function algebra {mathcal Q}(A)= A''/L(A)^\perp; we shall give various examples, especially uniform algebras and those involving algebras that are standard in abstract harmonic analysis, including Segal algebras with respect to the group algebra of a locally compact group. We shall characterize the Banach function algebrasfor which overline{L(A)}= \ell^{1}(\Phi_A), and then classify contractive and pointwise contractive algebras in the class of unital Banach function algebras that have a BSE norm; they are uniform algebras with specific properties. We shall also give examples of such algebras that do not have a BSE norm. Finally we shall discuss when some classical Banach function algebras of harmonic analysis have non-trivial reflexive closed ideals, and make some remarks on weakly compact homo\-morphisms between Banach function algebras",

author = "G. Dales and Ali Ulger",

year = "2020",

month = aug,

day = "10",

language = "English",

journal = "Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne)",

issn = "0012-3862",

publisher = "Institute of Mathematics, Polish Academy of Sciences",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Pointwise approximate identities in Banach function algebras

AU - Dales, G.

AU - Ulger, Ali

PY - 2020/8/10

Y1 - 2020/8/10

N2 - In this memoir, we shall study Banach function algebras that have bounded pointwise approximate identities, and especially those that have contractive pointwise approximate identities. ABanach function algebra A is (pointwise) contractive if A and every non-zero, maximal modular ideal in A have contractive (pointwise) approximate identities. Let A be a Banach function algebra with character space Phi_A. We shall show that the existence of a contractive pointwise approximate identity in A depends closely on whether ||varphi|| =1 for each varphi in Phi_A$. The linear span of Phi_A in the dual space A' is denoted by L(A), and this is used to define the BSE norm on A; the algebra A has a BSE norm if this norm is equivalent to the given norm. We shall then introduce and study in some detail the quotient Banach function algebra {mathcal Q}(A)= A''/L(A)^\perp; we shall give various examples, especially uniform algebras and those involving algebras that are standard in abstract harmonic analysis, including Segal algebras with respect to the group algebra of a locally compact group. We shall characterize the Banach function algebrasfor which overline{L(A)}= \ell^{1}(\Phi_A), and then classify contractive and pointwise contractive algebras in the class of unital Banach function algebras that have a BSE norm; they are uniform algebras with specific properties. We shall also give examples of such algebras that do not have a BSE norm. Finally we shall discuss when some classical Banach function algebras of harmonic analysis have non-trivial reflexive closed ideals, and make some remarks on weakly compact homo\-morphisms between Banach function algebras

AB - In this memoir, we shall study Banach function algebras that have bounded pointwise approximate identities, and especially those that have contractive pointwise approximate identities. ABanach function algebra A is (pointwise) contractive if A and every non-zero, maximal modular ideal in A have contractive (pointwise) approximate identities. Let A be a Banach function algebra with character space Phi_A. We shall show that the existence of a contractive pointwise approximate identity in A depends closely on whether ||varphi|| =1 for each varphi in Phi_A$. The linear span of Phi_A in the dual space A' is denoted by L(A), and this is used to define the BSE norm on A; the algebra A has a BSE norm if this norm is equivalent to the given norm. We shall then introduce and study in some detail the quotient Banach function algebra {mathcal Q}(A)= A''/L(A)^\perp; we shall give various examples, especially uniform algebras and those involving algebras that are standard in abstract harmonic analysis, including Segal algebras with respect to the group algebra of a locally compact group. We shall characterize the Banach function algebrasfor which overline{L(A)}= \ell^{1}(\Phi_A), and then classify contractive and pointwise contractive algebras in the class of unital Banach function algebras that have a BSE norm; they are uniform algebras with specific properties. We shall also give examples of such algebras that do not have a BSE norm. Finally we shall discuss when some classical Banach function algebras of harmonic analysis have non-trivial reflexive closed ideals, and make some remarks on weakly compact homo\-morphisms between Banach function algebras

M3 - Journal article

JO - Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne)

JF - Dissertationes Mathematicae (Rozprawy Matematyczne)

SN - 0012-3862

ER -