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'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'?: Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Standard

'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'? Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987. / Moreira, Tiago; Palladino, Paolo.

In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2011, p. 317-327.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Moreira, T & Palladino, P 2011, ''Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'? Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987', Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 317-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001

APA

Moreira, T., & Palladino, P. (2011). 'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'? Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 42(3), 317-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001

Vancouver

Moreira T, Palladino P. 'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'? Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 2011;42(3):317-327. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001

Author

Moreira, Tiago ; Palladino, Paolo. / 'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'? Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987. In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 317-327.

Bibtex

@article{650fd798681b4732955a5d0536c7ea4c,
title = "'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'?: Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987",
abstract = "Interest among historians, philosophers and sociologists of science in population-based biomedical research has focused on the randomised controlled trial to the detriment of the longitudinal study, the temporally extended, serial observation of individuals residing in the same community. This is perhaps because the longitudinal study is regarded as having played a secondary role in the debates about the validity of populations-based approaches that helped to establish epidemiology as one of the constitutive disciplines of contemporary biomedicine. Drawing on archival data and publications relating to the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, we argue however that the historical development of the longitudinal study is richer and more significant than has been appreciated. We argue that this history is shaped by the tension between two sets of epistemic practices, devices and norms. On the one side there were those who emphasised randomisation and sampling to evidence claims about, and justify policies with respect to, the aetiology of disease. On the other side there were those who evoked the technical repertoire of physiological research, especially the notion of the {\textquoteleft}model organism{\textquoteright}, to argue for a different integration of the individual in modern society.",
keywords = "Epidemiology, Statistics , Samples , Model organisms , Ageing, Longitudinal studies , United States",
author = "Tiago Moreira and Paolo Palladino",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "317--327",
journal = "Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences",
issn = "1369-8486",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - 'Population Laboratories' or 'Laboratory Populations'?

T2 - Making Sense of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1965-1987

AU - Moreira, Tiago

AU - Palladino, Paolo

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Interest among historians, philosophers and sociologists of science in population-based biomedical research has focused on the randomised controlled trial to the detriment of the longitudinal study, the temporally extended, serial observation of individuals residing in the same community. This is perhaps because the longitudinal study is regarded as having played a secondary role in the debates about the validity of populations-based approaches that helped to establish epidemiology as one of the constitutive disciplines of contemporary biomedicine. Drawing on archival data and publications relating to the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, we argue however that the historical development of the longitudinal study is richer and more significant than has been appreciated. We argue that this history is shaped by the tension between two sets of epistemic practices, devices and norms. On the one side there were those who emphasised randomisation and sampling to evidence claims about, and justify policies with respect to, the aetiology of disease. On the other side there were those who evoked the technical repertoire of physiological research, especially the notion of the ‘model organism’, to argue for a different integration of the individual in modern society.

AB - Interest among historians, philosophers and sociologists of science in population-based biomedical research has focused on the randomised controlled trial to the detriment of the longitudinal study, the temporally extended, serial observation of individuals residing in the same community. This is perhaps because the longitudinal study is regarded as having played a secondary role in the debates about the validity of populations-based approaches that helped to establish epidemiology as one of the constitutive disciplines of contemporary biomedicine. Drawing on archival data and publications relating to the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, we argue however that the historical development of the longitudinal study is richer and more significant than has been appreciated. We argue that this history is shaped by the tension between two sets of epistemic practices, devices and norms. On the one side there were those who emphasised randomisation and sampling to evidence claims about, and justify policies with respect to, the aetiology of disease. On the other side there were those who evoked the technical repertoire of physiological research, especially the notion of the ‘model organism’, to argue for a different integration of the individual in modern society.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Statistics

KW - Samples

KW - Model organisms

KW - Ageing

KW - Longitudinal studies

KW - United States

U2 - 10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001

DO - 10.1016/j.shpsc.2011.05.001

M3 - Journal article

VL - 42

SP - 317

EP - 327

JO - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

JF - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

SN - 1369-8486

IS - 3

ER -