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Precision comparison of the quantum Hall effect in graphene and gallium arsenide

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


  • T. J. B. M. Janssen
  • J. M. Williams
  • N. E. Fletcher
  • R. Goebel
  • A. Tzalenchuk
  • R. Yakimova
  • S. Lara-Avila
  • S. Kubatkin
  • Vladimir Falko
Journal publication date06/2012
Number of pages13
Original languageEnglish


The half-integer quantum Hall effect in epitaxial graphene is compared with high precision to the well-known integer effect in a GaAs/AlGaAs heterostructure. We find no difference between the quantized resistance values within the relative standard uncertainty of our measurement of 8.7 x 10(-11). The result places new tighter limits on any possible correction terms to the simple relation R-K = h/e(2), and also demonstrates that epitaxial graphene samples are suitable for application as electrical resistance standards of the highest metrological quality. We discuss the characterization of the graphene sample used in this experiment and present the details of the cryogenic current comparator bridge and associated uncertainty budget.