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Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon

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Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon. / Deribe, Kebede; Cano, Jorge; Njouendo, Abdel Jelil; Eyong, Matthias Esum; Beng, Amuam Andrew; Giorgi, Emanuele; Pigott, David M.; Pullan, Rachel L.; Noor, Abdisalan M.; Enquselassie, Fikre; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Hay, Simon I.; Newport, Melanie J.; Davey, Gail; Wanji, Samuel.

In: BMJ Global Health, Vol. 3, No. 3, 000730, 22.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Deribe, K, Cano, J, Njouendo, AJ, Eyong, ME, Beng, AA, Giorgi, E, Pigott, DM, Pullan, RL, Noor, AM, Enquselassie, F, Murray, CJL, Hay, SI, Newport, MJ, Davey, G & Wanji, S 2018, 'Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon', BMJ Global Health, vol. 3, no. 3, 000730. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730

APA

Deribe, K., Cano, J., Njouendo, A. J., Eyong, M. E., Beng, A. A., Giorgi, E., Pigott, D. M., Pullan, R. L., Noor, A. M., Enquselassie, F., Murray, C. J. L., Hay, S. I., Newport, M. J., Davey, G., & Wanji, S. (2018). Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon. BMJ Global Health, 3(3), [000730]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730

Vancouver

Deribe K, Cano J, Njouendo AJ, Eyong ME, Beng AA, Giorgi E et al. Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon. BMJ Global Health. 2018 Jun 22;3(3). 000730. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730

Author

Deribe, Kebede ; Cano, Jorge ; Njouendo, Abdel Jelil ; Eyong, Matthias Esum ; Beng, Amuam Andrew ; Giorgi, Emanuele ; Pigott, David M. ; Pullan, Rachel L. ; Noor, Abdisalan M. ; Enquselassie, Fikre ; Murray, Christopher J. L. ; Hay, Simon I. ; Newport, Melanie J. ; Davey, Gail ; Wanji, Samuel. / Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon. In: BMJ Global Health. 2018 ; Vol. 3, No. 3.

Bibtex

@article{243ad6e65e4c41d8b56f2f4032dbabdb,
title = "Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon",
abstract = "Introduction Understanding the number of cases of podoconiosis, its geographical distribution and the population at risk are crucial to estimating the burden of this disease in endemic countries. We assessed each of these using nationwide data on podoconiosis prevalence in Cameroon.Methods We analysed data arising from two cross-sectional surveys in Cameroon. The dataset was combined with a suite of environmental and climate data and analysed within a robust statistical framework, which included machine learning-based approaches and geostatistical modelling. The environmental limits, spatial variation of predicted prevalence, population at risk and number of cases of podoconiosis were each estimated.Results A total of 214 729 records of individuals screened for podoconiosis were gathered from 748 communities in all 10 regions of Cameroon. Of these screened individuals, 882 (0.41%; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.44) were living with podoconiosis. High environmental suitability for podoconiosis was predicted in three regions of Cameroon (Adamawa, North West and North). The national population living in areas environmentally suitable for podoconiosis was estimated at 5.2 (95% CI 4.7 to 5.8) million, which corresponds to 22.3% of Cameroon{\textquoteright}s population in 2015. Countrywide, in 2015, the number of adults estimated to be suffering from podoconiosis was 41 556 (95% CI, 1170 to 240 993). Four regions (Central, Littoral, North and North West) contributed 61.2% of the cases.Conclusion In Cameroon, podoconiosis is more widely distributed geographically than was initially expected. The number of cases and the population at risk are considerable. Expanding morbidity management and follow-up of cases is of utmost necessity. Promotion of footwear use and regular foot hygiene should be at the forefront of any intervention plan.",
author = "Kebede Deribe and Jorge Cano and Njouendo, {Abdel Jelil} and Eyong, {Matthias Esum} and Beng, {Amuam Andrew} and Emanuele Giorgi and Pigott, {David M.} and Pullan, {Rachel L.} and Noor, {Abdisalan M.} and Fikre Enquselassie and Murray, {Christopher J. L.} and Hay, {Simon I.} and Newport, {Melanie J.} and Gail Davey and Samuel Wanji",
year = "2018",
month = jun
day = "22",
doi = "10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
journal = "BMJ Global Health",
issn = "2059-7908",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicted distribution and burden of podoconiosis in Cameroon

AU - Deribe, Kebede

AU - Cano, Jorge

AU - Njouendo, Abdel Jelil

AU - Eyong, Matthias Esum

AU - Beng, Amuam Andrew

AU - Giorgi, Emanuele

AU - Pigott, David M.

AU - Pullan, Rachel L.

AU - Noor, Abdisalan M.

AU - Enquselassie, Fikre

AU - Murray, Christopher J. L.

AU - Hay, Simon I.

AU - Newport, Melanie J.

AU - Davey, Gail

AU - Wanji, Samuel

PY - 2018/6/22

Y1 - 2018/6/22

N2 - Introduction Understanding the number of cases of podoconiosis, its geographical distribution and the population at risk are crucial to estimating the burden of this disease in endemic countries. We assessed each of these using nationwide data on podoconiosis prevalence in Cameroon.Methods We analysed data arising from two cross-sectional surveys in Cameroon. The dataset was combined with a suite of environmental and climate data and analysed within a robust statistical framework, which included machine learning-based approaches and geostatistical modelling. The environmental limits, spatial variation of predicted prevalence, population at risk and number of cases of podoconiosis were each estimated.Results A total of 214 729 records of individuals screened for podoconiosis were gathered from 748 communities in all 10 regions of Cameroon. Of these screened individuals, 882 (0.41%; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.44) were living with podoconiosis. High environmental suitability for podoconiosis was predicted in three regions of Cameroon (Adamawa, North West and North). The national population living in areas environmentally suitable for podoconiosis was estimated at 5.2 (95% CI 4.7 to 5.8) million, which corresponds to 22.3% of Cameroon’s population in 2015. Countrywide, in 2015, the number of adults estimated to be suffering from podoconiosis was 41 556 (95% CI, 1170 to 240 993). Four regions (Central, Littoral, North and North West) contributed 61.2% of the cases.Conclusion In Cameroon, podoconiosis is more widely distributed geographically than was initially expected. The number of cases and the population at risk are considerable. Expanding morbidity management and follow-up of cases is of utmost necessity. Promotion of footwear use and regular foot hygiene should be at the forefront of any intervention plan.

AB - Introduction Understanding the number of cases of podoconiosis, its geographical distribution and the population at risk are crucial to estimating the burden of this disease in endemic countries. We assessed each of these using nationwide data on podoconiosis prevalence in Cameroon.Methods We analysed data arising from two cross-sectional surveys in Cameroon. The dataset was combined with a suite of environmental and climate data and analysed within a robust statistical framework, which included machine learning-based approaches and geostatistical modelling. The environmental limits, spatial variation of predicted prevalence, population at risk and number of cases of podoconiosis were each estimated.Results A total of 214 729 records of individuals screened for podoconiosis were gathered from 748 communities in all 10 regions of Cameroon. Of these screened individuals, 882 (0.41%; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.44) were living with podoconiosis. High environmental suitability for podoconiosis was predicted in three regions of Cameroon (Adamawa, North West and North). The national population living in areas environmentally suitable for podoconiosis was estimated at 5.2 (95% CI 4.7 to 5.8) million, which corresponds to 22.3% of Cameroon’s population in 2015. Countrywide, in 2015, the number of adults estimated to be suffering from podoconiosis was 41 556 (95% CI, 1170 to 240 993). Four regions (Central, Littoral, North and North West) contributed 61.2% of the cases.Conclusion In Cameroon, podoconiosis is more widely distributed geographically than was initially expected. The number of cases and the population at risk are considerable. Expanding morbidity management and follow-up of cases is of utmost necessity. Promotion of footwear use and regular foot hygiene should be at the forefront of any intervention plan.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730

DO - 10.1136/bmjgh-2018-000730

M3 - Journal article

VL - 3

JO - BMJ Global Health

JF - BMJ Global Health

SN - 2059-7908

IS - 3

M1 - 000730

ER -