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Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs

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Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs. / Graham, Nicholas A. J.; Jennings, Simon; MacNeil, M. Aaron; Mouillot, David; Wilson, Shaun K.

In: Nature, Vol. 518, No. 7537, 05.02.2015, p. 94-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Graham, NAJ, Jennings, S, MacNeil, MA, Mouillot, D & Wilson, SK 2015, 'Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs', Nature, vol. 518, no. 7537, pp. 94-97. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14140

APA

Graham, N. A. J., Jennings, S., MacNeil, M. A., Mouillot, D., & Wilson, S. K. (2015). Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs. Nature, 518(7537), 94-97. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14140

Vancouver

Graham NAJ, Jennings S, MacNeil MA, Mouillot D, Wilson SK. Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs. Nature. 2015 Feb 5;518(7537):94-97. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14140

Author

Graham, Nicholas A. J. ; Jennings, Simon ; MacNeil, M. Aaron ; Mouillot, David ; Wilson, Shaun K. / Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs. In: Nature. 2015 ; Vol. 518, No. 7537. pp. 94-97.

Bibtex

@article{fee17d5f34c64b6799b78c8d69c5a1e4,
title = "Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs",
abstract = "Climate-induced coral bleaching is among the greatest current threats to coral reefs, causing widespread loss of live coral cover(1). Conditions under which reefs bounce back from bleaching events or shift from coral to algal dominance are unknown, making it difficult to predict and plan for differing reef responses under climate change(2). Herewe document and predict long-term reef responses to a major climate-induced coral bleaching event that caused unprecedented region-wide mortality of Indo-Pacific corals. Following loss of >90{\%} live coral cover, 12 of 21 reefs recovered towards pre-disturbance live coral states, while nine reefs underwent regime shifts to fleshy macroalgae. Functional diversity of associated reef fish communities shifted substantially following bleaching, returning towards pre-disturbance structure on recovering reefs, while becoming progressively altered on regime shifting reefs. We identified threshold values for a range of factors that accurately predicted ecosystem response to the bleaching event. Recovery was favoured when reefs were structurally complex and in deeper water, when density of juvenile corals and herbivorous fishes was relatively high and when nutrient loads were low. Whether reefs were inside no-take marine reserves had no bearing on ecosystem trajectory. Although conditions governing regime shift or recovery dynamics were diverse, pre-disturbance quantification of simple factors such as structural complexity and water depth accurately predicted ecosystem trajectories. These findings foreshadow the likely divergent but predictable outcomes for reef ecosystems in response to climate change, thus guiding improved management and adaptation.",
keywords = "GREAT-BARRIER-REEF, MARINE PROTECTED AREAS, FISH COMMUNITIES, PHASE-SHIFTS, INDIAN-OCEAN, STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY, RECOVERY, RESILIENCE, ECOSYSTEMS, MANAGEMENT",
author = "Graham, {Nicholas A. J.} and Simon Jennings and MacNeil, {M. Aaron} and David Mouillot and Wilson, {Shaun K.}",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1038/nature14140",
language = "English",
volume = "518",
pages = "94--97",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7537",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Predicting climate-driven regime shifts versus rebound potential in coral reefs

AU - Graham, Nicholas A. J.

AU - Jennings, Simon

AU - MacNeil, M. Aaron

AU - Mouillot, David

AU - Wilson, Shaun K.

PY - 2015/2/5

Y1 - 2015/2/5

N2 - Climate-induced coral bleaching is among the greatest current threats to coral reefs, causing widespread loss of live coral cover(1). Conditions under which reefs bounce back from bleaching events or shift from coral to algal dominance are unknown, making it difficult to predict and plan for differing reef responses under climate change(2). Herewe document and predict long-term reef responses to a major climate-induced coral bleaching event that caused unprecedented region-wide mortality of Indo-Pacific corals. Following loss of >90% live coral cover, 12 of 21 reefs recovered towards pre-disturbance live coral states, while nine reefs underwent regime shifts to fleshy macroalgae. Functional diversity of associated reef fish communities shifted substantially following bleaching, returning towards pre-disturbance structure on recovering reefs, while becoming progressively altered on regime shifting reefs. We identified threshold values for a range of factors that accurately predicted ecosystem response to the bleaching event. Recovery was favoured when reefs were structurally complex and in deeper water, when density of juvenile corals and herbivorous fishes was relatively high and when nutrient loads were low. Whether reefs were inside no-take marine reserves had no bearing on ecosystem trajectory. Although conditions governing regime shift or recovery dynamics were diverse, pre-disturbance quantification of simple factors such as structural complexity and water depth accurately predicted ecosystem trajectories. These findings foreshadow the likely divergent but predictable outcomes for reef ecosystems in response to climate change, thus guiding improved management and adaptation.

AB - Climate-induced coral bleaching is among the greatest current threats to coral reefs, causing widespread loss of live coral cover(1). Conditions under which reefs bounce back from bleaching events or shift from coral to algal dominance are unknown, making it difficult to predict and plan for differing reef responses under climate change(2). Herewe document and predict long-term reef responses to a major climate-induced coral bleaching event that caused unprecedented region-wide mortality of Indo-Pacific corals. Following loss of >90% live coral cover, 12 of 21 reefs recovered towards pre-disturbance live coral states, while nine reefs underwent regime shifts to fleshy macroalgae. Functional diversity of associated reef fish communities shifted substantially following bleaching, returning towards pre-disturbance structure on recovering reefs, while becoming progressively altered on regime shifting reefs. We identified threshold values for a range of factors that accurately predicted ecosystem response to the bleaching event. Recovery was favoured when reefs were structurally complex and in deeper water, when density of juvenile corals and herbivorous fishes was relatively high and when nutrient loads were low. Whether reefs were inside no-take marine reserves had no bearing on ecosystem trajectory. Although conditions governing regime shift or recovery dynamics were diverse, pre-disturbance quantification of simple factors such as structural complexity and water depth accurately predicted ecosystem trajectories. These findings foreshadow the likely divergent but predictable outcomes for reef ecosystems in response to climate change, thus guiding improved management and adaptation.

KW - GREAT-BARRIER-REEF

KW - MARINE PROTECTED AREAS

KW - FISH COMMUNITIES

KW - PHASE-SHIFTS

KW - INDIAN-OCEAN

KW - STRUCTURAL COMPLEXITY

KW - RECOVERY

KW - RESILIENCE

KW - ECOSYSTEMS

KW - MANAGEMENT

U2 - 10.1038/nature14140

DO - 10.1038/nature14140

M3 - Journal article

VL - 518

SP - 94

EP - 97

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7537

ER -