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Preparation and characterization of fluoride-substituted apatites

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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  • L.J. Jha
  • S.M. Best
  • J.C. KNOWLES
  • I Rehman
  • J.D Santos
  • W. Bonfield
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1997
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number4
Volume8
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)185-191
Publication statusPublished
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Apatites were prepared with three different fluoride concentrations: 0.0 mM (pure hydroxyapatite) 2.5 mM and 5 mM. Reactions were performed in aqueous medium using a reaction between diammonium orthophosphate and calcium nitrate 4-hydrate and ammonium fluoride at temperatures of 3°, 25°, 60° and 90°C. The effects of reaction temperature and fluoride concentration on the crystal morphology, phase purity and crystallinity of the precipitates were observed, using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and ion chromatography. Transmission electron micrographs revealed that the crystallites precipitated at 3°C were spheroidal, but became increasingly acicular with increasing precipitation temperature. X-ray diffraction results indicated that all the materials produced were phase pure and that the crystallinity of apatites prepared at higher precipitation temperatures was higher than those prepared at lower precipitation temperatures. A significant difference in the a-axis dimension of fluoride-substituted apatites was observed, as compared to hydroxyapatite. FTIR spectroscopy revealed a hydroxyl band at 3568 cm-1, along with a broad peak of adsorbed water in the region of 3568 cm-1 to 2670c m-1 in the hydroxyapatite and fluoride-substituted apatite powders. Hence by careful selection of the precipitation conditions and fluoride contents, the composition and morphology of fluoride-substituted apatite may be controlled and this has interesting implications for the development of these materials for biomedical implantation. © 1997 Chapman & Hall.