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  • Testing Counterintuitive Claims

    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 44 (5), 2020, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2020 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the International Journal of Behavioral Developmen page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/JBD on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

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Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim

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Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim. / Ronfard, Samuel; Unlutabak, Burcu; Bazhydai, Marina; Nicolopoulou, Ageliki ; Harris, Paul.

In: International Journal of Behavioral Development, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.09.2020, p. 424-432.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ronfard, S, Unlutabak, B, Bazhydai, M, Nicolopoulou, A & Harris, P 2020, 'Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim', International Journal of Behavioral Development, vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 424-432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025420905344

APA

Ronfard, S., Unlutabak, B., Bazhydai, M., Nicolopoulou, A., & Harris, P. (2020). Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 44(5), 424-432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025420905344

Vancouver

Ronfard S, Unlutabak B, Bazhydai M, Nicolopoulou A, Harris P. Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim. International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2020 Sep 1;44(5):424-432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025420905344

Author

Ronfard, Samuel ; Unlutabak, Burcu ; Bazhydai, Marina ; Nicolopoulou, Ageliki ; Harris, Paul. / Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim. In: International Journal of Behavioral Development. 2020 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 424-432.

Bibtex

@article{9e20be1377374f24b522c16233c376eb,
title = "Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult{\textquoteright}s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim",
abstract = "When presented with a claim that contradicts their intuitions, do children seize opportunities to empirically verify such claims or do they simply acquiesce to what they have been told? To answer this question, we conducted a replication of Ronfard, Chen, and Harris (2018, conducted in the People{\textquoteright}s Republic of China) in two countries with distinct religious and political histories (Study 1: Belarus, N = 74; Study 2: Turkey, N = 79). Preschool children were presented with five, different-sized Russian dolls and asked to indicate the heaviest doll. All children selected the biggest doll. Half of the children then heard a (false) claim (i.e., that the smallest doll was the heaviest), contradicting their initial intuition. The remaining children heard a (true) claim (i.e., that the biggest doll was the heaviest), confirming their initial intuition. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers typically endorsed the experimenter{\textquoteright}s claim no matter whether it had contradicted or confirmed their initial intuition. Next, the experimenter left the room, giving children an opportunity to check the experimenter{\textquoteright}s claim by picking up the relevant dolls. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers rarely explored the dolls, regardless of the type of testimony they received and continued to endorse the counter-intuitive testimony they received. Furthermore, in Study 2, Turkish preschoolers continued to endorse smallest = heaviest even when doing so could have cost them a large reward. In sum, across two different cultural contexts, preschool children endorsed a counter-intuitive claim and did not spontaneously seek evidence to test it. These results confirm and extend those of Ronfard et al. (2018). ",
keywords = "Cognitive development, learning, reasoning, counterintuitive, testimony",
author = "Samuel Ronfard and Burcu Unlutabak and Marina Bazhydai and Ageliki Nicolopoulou and Paul Harris",
note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 44 (5), 2020, {\textcopyright} SAGE Publications Ltd, 2020 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the International Journal of Behavioral Developmen page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/JBD on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/ ",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0165025420905344",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "424--432",
journal = "International Journal of Behavioral Development",
issn = "0165-0254",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preschoolers in Belarus and Turkey accept an adult’s counter-intuitive claim and do not spontaneously seek evidence to test that claim

AU - Ronfard, Samuel

AU - Unlutabak, Burcu

AU - Bazhydai, Marina

AU - Nicolopoulou, Ageliki

AU - Harris, Paul

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, International Journal of Behavioral Development, 44 (5), 2020, © SAGE Publications Ltd, 2020 by SAGE Publications Ltd at the International Journal of Behavioral Developmen page: https://journals.sagepub.com/home/JBD on SAGE Journals Online: http://journals.sagepub.com/

PY - 2020/9/1

Y1 - 2020/9/1

N2 - When presented with a claim that contradicts their intuitions, do children seize opportunities to empirically verify such claims or do they simply acquiesce to what they have been told? To answer this question, we conducted a replication of Ronfard, Chen, and Harris (2018, conducted in the People’s Republic of China) in two countries with distinct religious and political histories (Study 1: Belarus, N = 74; Study 2: Turkey, N = 79). Preschool children were presented with five, different-sized Russian dolls and asked to indicate the heaviest doll. All children selected the biggest doll. Half of the children then heard a (false) claim (i.e., that the smallest doll was the heaviest), contradicting their initial intuition. The remaining children heard a (true) claim (i.e., that the biggest doll was the heaviest), confirming their initial intuition. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers typically endorsed the experimenter’s claim no matter whether it had contradicted or confirmed their initial intuition. Next, the experimenter left the room, giving children an opportunity to check the experimenter’s claim by picking up the relevant dolls. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers rarely explored the dolls, regardless of the type of testimony they received and continued to endorse the counter-intuitive testimony they received. Furthermore, in Study 2, Turkish preschoolers continued to endorse smallest = heaviest even when doing so could have cost them a large reward. In sum, across two different cultural contexts, preschool children endorsed a counter-intuitive claim and did not spontaneously seek evidence to test it. These results confirm and extend those of Ronfard et al. (2018).

AB - When presented with a claim that contradicts their intuitions, do children seize opportunities to empirically verify such claims or do they simply acquiesce to what they have been told? To answer this question, we conducted a replication of Ronfard, Chen, and Harris (2018, conducted in the People’s Republic of China) in two countries with distinct religious and political histories (Study 1: Belarus, N = 74; Study 2: Turkey, N = 79). Preschool children were presented with five, different-sized Russian dolls and asked to indicate the heaviest doll. All children selected the biggest doll. Half of the children then heard a (false) claim (i.e., that the smallest doll was the heaviest), contradicting their initial intuition. The remaining children heard a (true) claim (i.e., that the biggest doll was the heaviest), confirming their initial intuition. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers typically endorsed the experimenter’s claim no matter whether it had contradicted or confirmed their initial intuition. Next, the experimenter left the room, giving children an opportunity to check the experimenter’s claim by picking up the relevant dolls. Belarusian and Turkish preschoolers rarely explored the dolls, regardless of the type of testimony they received and continued to endorse the counter-intuitive testimony they received. Furthermore, in Study 2, Turkish preschoolers continued to endorse smallest = heaviest even when doing so could have cost them a large reward. In sum, across two different cultural contexts, preschool children endorsed a counter-intuitive claim and did not spontaneously seek evidence to test it. These results confirm and extend those of Ronfard et al. (2018).

KW - Cognitive development

KW - learning

KW - reasoning

KW - counterintuitive

KW - testimony

U2 - 10.1177/0165025420905344

DO - 10.1177/0165025420905344

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 424

EP - 432

JO - International Journal of Behavioral Development

JF - International Journal of Behavioral Development

SN - 0165-0254

IS - 5

ER -