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Qualitative investigation of targets for and barriers to preventative interventions for psychosis relapse

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Qualitative investigation of targets for and barriers to preventative interventions for psychosis relapse. / Eisner, E; Barrowclough, Christine; Lobban, Fiona; R, Drake.

In: BMC Psychiatry, Vol. 14, 201, 16.07.2014.

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Eisner, E ; Barrowclough, Christine ; Lobban, Fiona ; R, Drake. / Qualitative investigation of targets for and barriers to preventative interventions for psychosis relapse. In: BMC Psychiatry. 2014 ; Vol. 14.

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@article{97f7514d919147bdb5c4f73bcb6d1e8c,
title = "Qualitative investigation of targets for and barriers to preventative interventions for psychosis relapse",
abstract = "BackgroundEarly signs based relapse prevention interventions for psychosis show promise. In order to examine how they might be improved we sought to better understand the early relapse process, service users{\textquoteright} abilities to identify early signs, and any potential facilitators and barriers to early signs interventions. MethodsData from in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of service users with psychosis varying in gender, age, duration of mental health problems, and time since last relapse were analysed using a thematic approach. Interview transcripts were coded inductively and relationships between emerging themes were examined by the research team to provide a thorough synthesis of the data. ResultsThree central themes emerged from the analysis: 1) recognising risk factors (how risk factors were identified and linked to relapse, and reactions to such risk factors); 2) identifying early signs (issues related to both recognising and recalling signs of relapse); 3) reacting to deterioration (participants{\textquoteright} thoughts and feelings in response to early signs, including help seeking and its challenges). ConclusionsThere was considerable variation in the attention participants had paid to pre-relapse signs, the ease with which they were able to recall them, and their reactions to them. For many, there were substantial barriers to help seeking from services. A family or friend confidant was an important means of assistance, although the supportive presence of significant others was not always available. Based on these results, a number of recommendations about facilitating service users{\textquoteright} recognition of early signs and targeting potential accelerants of relapse are made.",
keywords = "Relapse, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Early signs, Basic symptoms, Prodrome, Intervention, Qualitative",
author = "E Eisner and Christine Barrowclough and Fiona Lobban and Drake R",
year = "2014",
month = jul,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1186/1471-244X-14-201",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Psychiatry",
issn = "1471-244X",
publisher = "NLM (Medline)",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Qualitative investigation of targets for and barriers to preventative interventions for psychosis relapse

AU - Eisner, E

AU - Barrowclough, Christine

AU - Lobban, Fiona

AU - R, Drake

PY - 2014/7/16

Y1 - 2014/7/16

N2 - BackgroundEarly signs based relapse prevention interventions for psychosis show promise. In order to examine how they might be improved we sought to better understand the early relapse process, service users’ abilities to identify early signs, and any potential facilitators and barriers to early signs interventions. MethodsData from in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of service users with psychosis varying in gender, age, duration of mental health problems, and time since last relapse were analysed using a thematic approach. Interview transcripts were coded inductively and relationships between emerging themes were examined by the research team to provide a thorough synthesis of the data. ResultsThree central themes emerged from the analysis: 1) recognising risk factors (how risk factors were identified and linked to relapse, and reactions to such risk factors); 2) identifying early signs (issues related to both recognising and recalling signs of relapse); 3) reacting to deterioration (participants’ thoughts and feelings in response to early signs, including help seeking and its challenges). ConclusionsThere was considerable variation in the attention participants had paid to pre-relapse signs, the ease with which they were able to recall them, and their reactions to them. For many, there were substantial barriers to help seeking from services. A family or friend confidant was an important means of assistance, although the supportive presence of significant others was not always available. Based on these results, a number of recommendations about facilitating service users’ recognition of early signs and targeting potential accelerants of relapse are made.

AB - BackgroundEarly signs based relapse prevention interventions for psychosis show promise. In order to examine how they might be improved we sought to better understand the early relapse process, service users’ abilities to identify early signs, and any potential facilitators and barriers to early signs interventions. MethodsData from in-depth interviews with a convenience sample of service users with psychosis varying in gender, age, duration of mental health problems, and time since last relapse were analysed using a thematic approach. Interview transcripts were coded inductively and relationships between emerging themes were examined by the research team to provide a thorough synthesis of the data. ResultsThree central themes emerged from the analysis: 1) recognising risk factors (how risk factors were identified and linked to relapse, and reactions to such risk factors); 2) identifying early signs (issues related to both recognising and recalling signs of relapse); 3) reacting to deterioration (participants’ thoughts and feelings in response to early signs, including help seeking and its challenges). ConclusionsThere was considerable variation in the attention participants had paid to pre-relapse signs, the ease with which they were able to recall them, and their reactions to them. For many, there were substantial barriers to help seeking from services. A family or friend confidant was an important means of assistance, although the supportive presence of significant others was not always available. Based on these results, a number of recommendations about facilitating service users’ recognition of early signs and targeting potential accelerants of relapse are made.

KW - Relapse

KW - Psychosis

KW - Schizophrenia

KW - Early signs

KW - Basic symptoms

KW - Prodrome

KW - Intervention

KW - Qualitative

U2 - 10.1186/1471-244X-14-201

DO - 10.1186/1471-244X-14-201

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Psychiatry

JF - BMC Psychiatry

SN - 1471-244X

M1 - 201

ER -