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Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria

Research output: Working paper

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Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria. / Salihu, Muhammad Kabir; Guariso, Andrea.

Lancaster : Lancaster University, Department of Economics, 2017. (Economics Working Papers Series).

Research output: Working paper

Harvard

Salihu, MK & Guariso, A 2017 'Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria' Economics Working Papers Series, Lancaster University, Department of Economics, Lancaster.

APA

Salihu, M. K., & Guariso, A. (2017). Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria. (Economics Working Papers Series). Lancaster University, Department of Economics.

Vancouver

Salihu MK, Guariso A. Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria. Lancaster: Lancaster University, Department of Economics. 2017 Nov. (Economics Working Papers Series).

Author

Salihu, Muhammad Kabir ; Guariso, Andrea. / Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria. Lancaster : Lancaster University, Department of Economics, 2017. (Economics Working Papers Series).

Bibtex

@techreport{3fb60a6d20a34e8590dba260644db31f,
title = "Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria",
abstract = "Do changes in the distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups increase the risk of armed conflicts within Nigeria? In this paper, we exploit variation in rainfall during the growing season, to study how resource inequality between ethnic groups affects the risks of violent conflicts in Nigeria. Our main results show that a one standard deviation change in between-group rainfall inequality during the growing season increases civil conflicts prevalence in Nigeria by aboutseven percentage points. This relationship is driven, in part, by declining social capital. Specifically, we demonstrated that an unequal distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups reinforces citizens grievances over government performance and creates mistrust between predominantly farming communities and those engaged in nomadic herding. The analysis highlights the need to develop conflict-sensitive mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce the adverse effects of climatic shock.",
keywords = "Conflict, Inequality, Rainfall, Trust, Nigeria",
author = "Salihu, {Muhammad Kabir} and Andrea Guariso",
year = "2017",
month = nov
language = "English",
series = "Economics Working Papers Series",
publisher = "Lancaster University, Department of Economics",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "Lancaster University, Department of Economics",

}

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria

AU - Salihu, Muhammad Kabir

AU - Guariso, Andrea

PY - 2017/11

Y1 - 2017/11

N2 - Do changes in the distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups increase the risk of armed conflicts within Nigeria? In this paper, we exploit variation in rainfall during the growing season, to study how resource inequality between ethnic groups affects the risks of violent conflicts in Nigeria. Our main results show that a one standard deviation change in between-group rainfall inequality during the growing season increases civil conflicts prevalence in Nigeria by aboutseven percentage points. This relationship is driven, in part, by declining social capital. Specifically, we demonstrated that an unequal distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups reinforces citizens grievances over government performance and creates mistrust between predominantly farming communities and those engaged in nomadic herding. The analysis highlights the need to develop conflict-sensitive mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce the adverse effects of climatic shock.

AB - Do changes in the distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups increase the risk of armed conflicts within Nigeria? In this paper, we exploit variation in rainfall during the growing season, to study how resource inequality between ethnic groups affects the risks of violent conflicts in Nigeria. Our main results show that a one standard deviation change in between-group rainfall inequality during the growing season increases civil conflicts prevalence in Nigeria by aboutseven percentage points. This relationship is driven, in part, by declining social capital. Specifically, we demonstrated that an unequal distribution of rainfall between ethnic groups reinforces citizens grievances over government performance and creates mistrust between predominantly farming communities and those engaged in nomadic herding. The analysis highlights the need to develop conflict-sensitive mitigation and adaptation strategies to reduce the adverse effects of climatic shock.

KW - Conflict

KW - Inequality

KW - Rainfall

KW - Trust

KW - Nigeria

M3 - Working paper

T3 - Economics Working Papers Series

BT - Rainfall inequality, trust and civil conflict in Nigeria

PB - Lancaster University, Department of Economics

CY - Lancaster

ER -